Manfred H. Blessing

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Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by excessive deposition of amyloid beta-peptides (A beta peptides) in the brain. In the nonamyloidogenic pathway, the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is cleaved by the alpha-secretase within the A beta peptide sequence. Proteinases of the ADAM family (adisintegrin and metalloproteinase) are the main candidates as(More)
Alterations of TGF-beta signaling have been described in colorectal cancer, although the molecular consequences are largely unknown. By using transgenic mice overexpressing TGF-beta or a dominant-negative TGF-betaRII, we demonstrate that TGF-beta signaling in tumor infiltrating T lymphocytes controls the growth of dysplastic epithelial cells in experimental(More)
The pleiotropic growth factor TGFbeta plays an important role in regulating responses to skin injury. TGFbeta targets many different cell types and is involved in all aspects of wound healing entailing inflammation, re-epithelialization, matrix formation and remodeling. To elucidate the role of TGFbeta signal transduction in keratinocytes during cutaneous(More)
TH1 cytokines have been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of T-cell-mediated liver injury and inflammation. However, the molecular signaling pathways involved in such injury are still poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the role of the STAT1/T-bet signaling pathway in a murine model of T-cell-mediated liver inflammation(More)
Data regarding the role of TGF-beta for the in vivo function of regulatory CD4(+)CD25(+) T cells (Treg) are controversial. A transgenic mouse model with impaired TGF-beta signaling specifically in T cells was used to assess the role of endogenous TGF-beta for the in vivo function of CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg in a murine model of colitis induced by dextran sulfate.(More)
TGF-beta induces the conversion of CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells into CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). Activin A is a pleiotropic TGF-beta family member and is expressed in response to inflammatory signals. In this study, we report on the effects of activin A on the conversion of CD4(+)CD25(-) T cells into Foxp3-expressing induced Treg (iTreg).(More)
IL-12 p40-related cytokines such as IL-12 p35/p40 heterodimer and IL-23 (p19/p40) are potent regulators of adaptive immune responses. Little is known, however, about the transcriptional regulation of the p40 gene in vivo. In an attempt toward this goal, we have generated transgenic mice expressing firefly luciferase under the control of the IL-12 p40(More)
In the murine model of Cryptococcus neoformans infection Th1 (IL-12/IFN-gamma) and Th17 (IL-23/IL-17) responses are associated with protection, whereas an IL-4-dependent Th2 response exacerbates disease. To investigate the role of the Th2 cytokine IL-13 during pulmonary infection with C. neoformans, IL-13-overexpressing transgenic (IL-13Tg(+)),(More)
BACKGROUND The cytoskeletal adaptor protein vinculin plays a fundamental role in cell contact regulation and affects central aspects of cell motility, which are essential to both embryonal development and tissue homeostasis. Functional regulation of this evolutionarily conserved and ubiquitously expressed protein is dominated by a high-affinity,(More)