Learn More
Elucidation of the mechanism enabling tumor selective PMT in vivo with appropriate glucuronyl-spacer-doxorubicin prodrugs, such as HMR 1826, is important for the design of clinical studies, as well as for the development of more selective drugs. Enzyme histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and the terminal deoxytransferase technique were applied using human(More)
Improvement of non-surgical strategies is a pivotal task in the treatment of pancreatic cancer. Response to treatment with most anticancer agents has been very poor, probably due to insufficient drug concentration in tumor tissue. Increased response rates during chemotherapy might be achieved by dose escalation; however, this approach is often hampered by(More)
HMR 1826 (N-[4-beta-Glucuronyl-3-nitrobenzyl-oxycarbonyl]doxorubicin) is a nontoxic glucuronide prodrug from which active doxorubicin is released by beta-glucuronidase. Preclinical studies aimed at dose optimization of HMR 1826, based on intratumoral pharmacokinetics, are important to design clinical studies. Using an isolated perfused human lung model, the(More)
T cells can be endowed with antigen specificity by grafting with a chimeric receptor consisting of an extracellular antigen binding moiety (scFv) derived from an antibody and an intracellular signaling domain. Conflicting data exist on the impact of an extracellular spacer domain between the antigen binding and the signaling domain with respect to cellular(More)
T cells can be directed to antigen-specific, MHC-independent target cell lysis by grafting with a recombinant receptor with antibody-like specificity. Here, we asked whether T cells from the peripheral blood of a patient with cutaneous T cell lymphoma can be recruited for an immune response against autologous tumor cells. Lymphoma cells with a CD3(-) CD4(+)(More)
A series of new prodrugs of daunorubicin and doxorubicin which are candidates for antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT) is reported. These compounds (25a,b,c and 32a,b,c) have been designed to generate cytotoxic drugs after activation with beta-glucuronidase. As expected, recovery of the active drug was observed after enzymatic cleavage by(More)
A new glucuronylated prodrug of nornitrogen mustard, incorporating the same spacer group as the doxorubicin prodrug HMR 1826, has been prepared. Upon exposure to E. coli beta-glucuronidase, fast hydrolysis occurs but a lower cytotoxicity against LoVo cancer cells is observed compared to the nornitrogen mustard alone. This is explained by cyclization of the(More)
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhuEpo)-specific mouse monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) have been produced and characterized. All antibodies were specifically reactive with rhuEpo in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Epitope exclusion studies showed three distinct epitope regions, A, B, and C, recognized by neutralizing MoAbs. An additional epitope(More)
Elucidation of the mechanism enabling tumor selective I'M I in vivo with appropriate glucuronyl-spacer-doxorubicin prodrugs, such as HMR 1826, is important for the design of clinical studies, as well as for the development of more selective drugs. Enzyme histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, and the terminal de-oxytransferase technique were applied using(More)
New prodrugs consisting of a beta-D-glucuronic acid linked to a MDR reversal agent (verapamil, quinine or dipyridamole) through a self-immolative spacer were synthesized. Four of them were selected for their reduced cytoxicity and beta-glucuronidase enzymatic efficient hydrolysis. Combined use of these prodrugs with a beta-D-glucuronyl-spacer-doxorubicin(More)
  • 1