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After gastrulation, progenitor cells of the cardiac, visceral and body wall musculature arise at defined positions within the mesodermal layer of the Drosophila embryo. The regulatory mechanisms underlying this process of pattern formation are largely unknown, although ablation experiments carried out in other insects indicate that inductive influences from(More)
The HOM-C/Hox complexes are an evolutionary related family of genes that have been shown to direct region-specific development of the animal body plan. We examined in transgenic mice the DNA regulatory elements that determine the temporal and spatially restricted expression of two of the earliest and most anteriorly expressed murine genes, Hoxa-1 and(More)
Patterning of the developing mesoderm establishes primordia of the visceral, somatic, and cardiac tissues at defined anteroposterior and dorsoventral positions in each segment. Here we examine the mechanisms that locate and determine these primordia. We focus on the regulation of two mesodermal genes: bagpipe (bap), which defines the anlagen of the visceral(More)
The secreted protein Jelly belly (Jeb) is required for an essential signalling event in Drosophila muscle development. In the absence of functional Jeb, visceral muscle precursors are normally specified but fail to migrate and differentiate. The structure and distribution of Jeb protein implies that Jeb functions as a signal to organize the development of(More)
We have examined the position-dependent expression of two segmentation genes that contain a homeo box, even-skipped (eve) and fushi tarazu (ftz). Products encoded by both genes accumulate in a series of seven transverse stripes along the anterior-posterior body axis of developing embryos. Double-staining experiments show that eve and ftz proteins accumulate(More)
The Drosophila gene tinman is essential for dorsal vessel (heart) formation and is structurally and functionally conserved in vertebrates. In the mature embryonic dorsal vessel, tinman is expressed in four of the six pairs of cardioblasts in each segment. We provide evidence that seven-up, which is homologous to the vertebrate COUP-TF transcription factor(More)
In the early embryonic development of Drosophila melanogaster, there is a series of 13 rapid and highly synchronous nuclear divisions. We have used a collection of monoclonal antibodies to follow the re-distribution of nuclear antigens into daughter nuclei at this developmental stage by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy. The antigens fall into several(More)
The dorsal-ventral patterning of the Drosophila embryo is controlled by a well-defined gene regulation network. We wish to understand how changes in this network produce evolutionary diversity in insect gastrulation. The present study focuses on the dorsal ectoderm in two highly divergent dipterans, the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster and the mosquito(More)
Little is known about the genetic program that generates synaptic specificity. Here we show that a putative transcription factor, Teyrha-Meyhra (Tey), controls target specificity, in part by repressing the expression of a repulsive cue, Toll. We focused on two neighboring muscles, M12 and M13, which are innervated by distinct motoneurons in Drosophila. We(More)
Various members of the TGF-beta superfamily of signaling molecules are known to have important roles in mesoderm patterning and differentiation during vertebrate and invertebrate embryogenesis. Here we characterize a new TGF-beta member from Drosophila, Myoglianin, that is most closely related to the vertebrate muscle differentiation factor Myostatin and to(More)