Manfred Dreyer

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OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety profile of adding inhaled human insulin (INH; Exubera) or metformin to sulfonylurea monotherapy in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We performed an open-label, parallel, 24-week, multicenter trial. At week -1, patients uncontrolled on sulfonylurea monotherapy were(More)
Mutations in the insulin receptor gene cause several genetic syndromes associated with extreme insulin resistance. We have studied three insulin resistant siblings with acanthosis nigricans, dental abnormalities, and acral hypertrophy. The female patient also had primary amenorrhea due to hyperandrogenism. All three patients were compound heterozygotes with(More)
We describe a new familial syndrome in three siblings; it is biochemically characterized by a combined defect of the action of the three related peptides insulin, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Clinically, the disease has features of Werner syndrome with lipodystrophy, scleroderma-like alterations of the skin,(More)
The stimulation of glucose uptake and RNA synthesis by insulin was studied in cultured fibroblasts from patients with an inherited affinity defect of the insulin receptor. Additional cell cultures were set up of two patients with Alstrøm syndrome, a genetic disease with insulin resistance but normal insulin receptor, and of eight healthy individuals. In(More)
AIMS The primary objective was to demonstrate that basal insulin peglispro (BIL) was non-inferior compared with insulin glargine (GL) for haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) at 26 weeks with a non-inferiority margin of 0.4%. MATERIALS AND METHODS IMAGINE 1 was a Phase 3, open-label, parallel-arm study conducted in nine countries. Adults with type 1 diabetes (n = 455)(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety profile of adding inhaled human insulin (INH) (Exubera) or glibenclamide to metformin monotherapy in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted an open-label, parallel, 24-week multicenter trial. Patients uncontrolled on metformin were randomized to adjunctive INH(More)
We describe three siblings with a mild diabetes mellitus in combination with acanthosis nigricans and multiple minor physical abnormalities. Fasting plasma insulin was elevated up to 100-fold as compared with normal values, and the diabetes was classified as insulin resistant. Insulin-binding studies on erythrocytes, monocytes, and cultured fibroblasts(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies of leptin in thyrotoxic human subjects have been short-term and cross-sectional. We have measured serum leptin concentrations in thyrotoxic patients in order to study the influence of endogenous thyroid hormones on the relationship between serum leptin and fat mass. DESIGN PATIENTS, MEASUREMENTS: In 10 fasting thyrotoxic patients(More)
We have studied the structure and function of the insulin receptor in a patient (PK) with severe insulin resistance and Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. Insulin binding to cultured fibroblasts from PK was almost not detectable and insulin-induced insulin receptor autophosphorylation and glucose uptake was abolished. The structure of the receptor gene was(More)
Novel laboratory techniques such as the determination of proinsulin, insulin, C-peptide and insulin receptors have allowed further subclassification of diabetes mellitus today as representing a symptom rather than a disease. Numerous pathogenetic mechanisms of diabetes have been identified, many of these being genetically determined and this may extend(More)
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