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A method has been worked out that allows the detection and isolation of bacteria fermenting molecular hydrogen and carbon dioxide to acetic acid. The ratio of methanogenic to acetogenic bacteria in sludge and lake sediment samples has been found to be approximately 100 to 1. Acetogenic bacteria could not be detected in rumen samples.
The soil isolate Cellulomonas cellulans AM8 produces an extracellular l-amino acid oxidase (L-AAO) with broad substrate specificity. The strain produced up to 0.35 unit (U)/ml of the extracellular L-AAO in a simple medium containing glycerol and yeast extract. The enzyme was easily purified up to 30 U/mg protein using Phenyl-Sepharose fast flow. The(More)
A synthetic fluorinated humic acid (FHA) was prepared by the spontaneous oxidative polymerization of 3-fluorocatechol. The 13C-solid-state NMR spectrum showed signals in the region for aromatic carbons with different substituents (aryl-H, aryl-C, aryl-O carbons) and for carboxyl-carbon. The latter indicated the formation of carboxylic groups, probably(More)
Spores of Clostridium aceticum (Wieringa) from 1947 have been revived, and a study for a redescription of this microorganism has been carried out. C. aceticum was Gram negative. The cells were rodshaped and peritrichously flagellated. Round spores were formed in terminal position. The DNA contained 33 mol % guanine plus cytosine. The organism was obligately(More)
Fourteen strains of a thermophilic, rod-shaped, peritrichously flagellatedClostridium species were isolated from various mud and soil samples. Round to slightly oval spores were formed in terminal position. The isolates were obligate anaerobes and grew chemolithotrophically with H2 plus CO2 as well as chemoorganotrophically with fructose, glucose,(More)
Cyclophilins belong to the enzyme class of peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases which catalyze the cis-trans isomerization of prolyl bonds in peptides and proteins in different folding states. Cyclophilins have been shown to be involved in a multitude of cellular functions like cell growth, proliferation, and motility. Among the 20 human cyclophilin(More)
The proton-pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase of Escherichia coli is composed of 14 different subunits and contains one FMN and up to nine iron-sulfur clusters as prosthetic groups. By use of salt treatment, the complex can be split into an NADH dehydrogenase fragment, a connecting fragment and a membrane fragment. The water-soluble NADH dehydrogenase(More)
Several series of benzofurans, benzothiophenes, and benzothiazoles, all featuring the thioamide group, were synthesized and tested as novel K(ATP) channel openers in artificial cell systems: CHO cells transfected with SUR1/Kir6.2, and HEK 293 cells transfected with SUR2B/Kir6.1; these served as model systems for insulin-secreting pancreatic β cells and(More)