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Cyclophilins belong to the enzyme class of peptidyl prolyl cis-trans isomerases which catalyze the cis-trans isomerization of prolyl bonds in peptides and proteins in different folding states. Cyclophilins have been shown to be involved in a multitude of cellular functions like cell growth, proliferation, and motility. Among the 20 human cyclophilin(More)
Several series of benzofurans, benzothiophenes, and benzothiazoles, all featuring the thioamide group, were synthesized and tested as novel K(ATP) channel openers in artificial cell systems: CHO cells transfected with SUR1/Kir6.2, and HEK 293 cells transfected with SUR2B/Kir6.1; these served as model systems for insulin-secreting pancreatic β cells and(More)
Chromatographic separation of a crude extract obtained from aerial parts of the Mongolian medicinal plant Scorzonera radiata yielded five new dihydrostilbenes, scorzodihydrostilbenes A-E (1-5). The structures were unambiguously elucidated on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR ((1)H, (13)C, COSY, HMBC, HMQC, and ROESY) and mass spectrometric data.(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a widely used immunosuppressant drug. Its immunosuppressive activity occurs through the inhibition of the protein phosphatase calcineurin via formation of a ternary complex with cyclophilin A (CypA). CsA also inhibits endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis. This has been thought to occur through calcineurin inhibition as(More)
Enantiomerically and diastereomerically pure bis-chelated imine-alkoxytitanium complexes 6 and 7 have been synthesized and used as chiral dopants for converting nematic into cholesteric phases. The dopants were tested in mainly commercially available nematic liquid crystalline compounds or mixtures: LC1 (BASF), ZLI-1695 and ZLI-1840 (Merck), as well as(More)
4H-1,2,4-Benzothiadiazine-1,1-dioxides with various substituents in positions 3, 5, and 7 were synthesized and tested as K(ATP) channel agonists in artificial cell systems (CHO cells transfected with SUR1/Kir6.2, and HEK 293 transfected with SUR2B/Kir6.1) as model systems for insulin-secreting pancreatic beta-cells and for smooth muscle cells, respectively.(More)
The inhibition of ABC (ATP binding cassette) transporters is considered a powerful tool to reverse multidrug resistance. Zosuquidar featuring a difluorocyclopropyl-annulated dibenzosuberyl moiety has been found to be an inhibitor of the P-glycoprotein, one of the best-studied multidrug efflux pumps. Twelve 5-oxyisoquinoline derivatives, which are analogues(More)
BACKGROUND Vinorelbine and docetaxel are active in anthracycline-pretreated, metastatic breast cancer. We compared their efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomized to receive weekly vinorelbine (VIN) or weekly docetaxel (DOC), 6 weekly doses per 8-week cycle, with optional crossover (X-DOC vs. X-VIN. The primary end point was time to(More)