Manel M. Santafé

Learn More
Individual skeletal muscle fibers in most new-born rodents are innervated at a single endplate by several motor axons. During the first postnatal weeks, the polyneuronal innervation decreases in a process of synaptic elimination. Previous studies showed that the naturally occurring serine-protease thrombin mediates the activity-dependent synapse reduction(More)
Using intracellular recording, we studied how several muscarinic antagonists affected the evoked endplate potentials in singly and dually innervated endplates of the levator auris longus muscle from 3 to 6-day-old rats. In dually innervated fibers, a second endplate potential (EPP) may appear after the first one when we increase the stimulation intensity.(More)
We studied the presynaptic muscarinic autoreceptor subtypes controlling ACh release and their relationship with voltage-dependent calcium channels in the neuromuscular synapses of the Levator auris longus muscle from adult (30-40 days) and newborn (3-6 and 15 days postnatal) rats. Using intracellular recording, we studied how several muscarinic antagonists(More)
We have used intracellular recording to investigate the existence of a functional link between muscarinic presynaptic acetylcholine (ACh) autoreceptors, the intracellular serine-threonine kinases-mediated transduction pathways and transmitter release in the motor nerve terminals of adult rats. We found the following. (1) Transmitter release was reduced by(More)
We used intracellular recording to investigate the functional interaction between protein kinase C (PKC) and protein kinase A (PKA) signal transduction cascades in the control of transmitter release in the neuromuscular synapses from adult rats. Our results indicate that: 1) PKA and PKC are independently involved in asynchronous release. 2) Evoked(More)
We describe a patient with a pure motor chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy with an IgM monoclonal component showing anti-GM2, GalNAc-GD1a and GalNAc-GM1b reactivity whose common epitope appears to be -[GalNAcbeta1-4Gal(3-2alphaNeuAc)beta1]. We used intracellular recording to study how IgM from this patient affected neurotransmitter release in the mouse(More)
We studied the relation among calcium inflows, voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCC), presynaptic muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs), and protein kinase C (PKC) activity in the modulation of synapse elimination. We used intracellular recording to determine the synaptic efficacy in dually innervated endplates of the levator auris longus muscle(More)
We used intracellular recording to investigate how muscarinic acetylcholine receptors and the serine kinase signal transduction cascade are involved in regulating transmitter release in the neuromuscular synapses of the levator auris longus muscle from adult rats. Experiments with M1 and M2 selective blockers show that these subtypes of muscarinic receptors(More)
Over the past few years, we have studied, in the mammalian neuromuscular junction (NMJ), the local involvement in transmitter release of the presynaptic muscarinic ACh autoreceptors (mAChRs), purinergic adenosine autoreceptors (P1Rs), and trophic factor receptors (TFRs; for neurotrophins and trophic cytokines) during development and in the adult. At any(More)
We studied the effect of several calcium channel blockers (omega-Conotoxin-GVIA, 1 and 3microM; omega-Agatoxin-IVA, 100nM; Nitrendipine, 1 and 10microM) on evoked transmitter release at singly and dually innervated endplates of the levator auris longus muscle from three- to six-day-old rats. In dually innervated fibers, a second endplate potential may(More)