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Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), the most frequent leukaemia in adults in Western countries, is a heterogeneous disease with variable clinical presentation and evolution. Two major molecular subtypes can be distinguished, characterized respectively by a high or low number of somatic hypermutations in the variable region of immunoglobulin genes. The(More)
Users may view, print, copy, download and text and data-mine the content in such documents, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full Conditions of use: provided blood and tissue samples and discussed data; and A. Cerutti designed research, discussed data and wrote the paper. Abstract Neutrophils utilize immunoglobulins (Igs) to(More)
MyD88 is a key downstream adapter for most Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and interleukin-1 receptors (IL-1Rs). MyD88 deficiency in mice leads to susceptibility to a broad range of pathogens in experimental settings of infection. We describe a distinct situation in a natural setting of human infection. Nine children with autosomal recessive MyD88 deficiency(More)
Innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) regulate stromal, epithelial and immune cells, but their impact on B cells remains unclear. We identified RORγt + ILCs nearby the marginal zone (MZ), a splenic compartment containing innate-like B cells that respond to circulating T cell-independent (TI) antigens. Spenic ILCs established a bidirectional crosstalk with MAdCAM-1 +(More)
Two isoforms of the human glucocorticoid receptor (hGR) have been described, hGRalpha and hGRbeta. We analyzed the expression and regulation of both hGR isoforms in human respiratory epithelial cells (BEAS-2B, A549, and primary nasal epithelial cells). In BEAS-2B cells, the expression of hGRalpha messenger RNA (mRNA) was much higher than that of hGRbeta(More)
T HE DEVELOPMENT OF inflammatory infiltrates in target tissues is a common pathologic substrate in many chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. 1 Tissue infiltration by T lymphocytes requires dynamic and finely regulated interactions between lymphocytes, endothelial cells, and the underlying basement membrane mediated via a complex array of surface(More)
BACKGROUND Cell-to-cell HIV transmission requires cellular contacts that may be in part mediated by the integrin leukocyte function antigen (LFA)-1 and its ligands intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, -2 and -3. The role of these molecules in free virus infection of CD4 T cells or in transinfection mediated by dendritic cells (DC) has been previously(More)
Chemokines and their corresponding receptors are crucial for the recruitment of lymphocytes into the lymphoid organs and for its organization acting in a multistep process. Tissues affected by autoimmune disease often contain ectopic lymphoid follicles which, in the case of autoimmune thyroid disorders, are highly active and specific for thyroid Ags(More)
The leukocyte differentiation antigen, CD50, has been recently identified as the intercellular adhesion molecule 3 (ICAM-3), the third counter-receptor of leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1). This molecule seems to be specially involved in the adhesion events of the initial phases of the immune response. To characterize the role of CD50 in(More)
Human CCL4/macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1beta and CCL3/MIP-1alpha are two highly related molecules that belong to a cluster of inflammatory CC chemokines located in chromosome 17. CCL4 and CCL3 were formed by duplication of a common ancestral gene, generating the SCYA4 and SCYA3 genes which, in turn, present a variable number of additional(More)