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BACKGROUND Movima, Yuracare, Ignaciano and Trinitario are Amerindian populations living in the Bolivian lowlands of the Amazonian basin. The cultural and genetic affinity of the peoples living in this area is poorly known, despite many archaeological studies demonstrating its importance in pre-Columbian times. Densely populated Amerindian groups occupied(More)
BACKGROUND Chimane, Moseten Aymara and Quechua are Amerindian populations living in the Bolivian Piedmont, a characteristic ecoregion between the eastern slope of the Andean mountains and the Amazonian Llanos de Moxos. In both neighbouring areas, dense and complex societies have developed over the centuries. The Piedmont area is especially interesting from(More)
The purpose of this study is to report allele frequency data of three ethnic Amerindian population samples: the Otomi (Hña-hñu) from eastern Sierra Madre and Ixmiquilpan valley and the Huasteco from La Huasteca. These groups were characterised by 15 STR-PCR polymorphisms (HumTH01, HumvWA, D18S51, HumTPOX, D19S433, D16S539, D13S317, D8S1179, D7S820, D5S818,(More)
Several polymorphic genes including those encoding for glutathione S-transferases (GST) have been reported to be involved in modifying lung cancer risk in smokers. The gene GSTM1 is frequently deleted in humans and a possible association between the null genotype and lung cancer risk is controversial. Another polymorphic gene of the same supergene family,(More)
Several polymorphic genes have been reported to be possibly involved in modifying lung cancer risk in smokers. The gene GSTM1 is frequently deleted in human populations, and the null genotype has been reported to be a risk factor for developing lung carcinoma. A germline polymorphism of p53 with a single-base change at codon 72 that causes an amino acid(More)
Allele and genotype frequencies for three short tandem repeat loci were determined in a population sample from Catalonia (NE Spain). After denaturing PAGE electrophoresis, 11 alleles were identified for D12S391 (n = 167), 9 alleles for CSF1pO (n = 282) and 6 alleles for TPOX (n = 283). No deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was found. The allele(More)
This study provides the frequencies of four mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups of 233 native South Amerindians in eight populations living in the Beni Department of Bolivia, including six populations not previously studied. Linguistically, these populations belong to the three principal South Amerindian language stocks, Andean, Equatorial-Tucanoan, and(More)
Human microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) catalyzes a key step in the biotransformation of benzo[a]pyrene that yields the highly mutagenic (+)-anti-7,8-diol-9,10 epoxide (BPDE). Two polymorphisms have been described in the coding region of the mEH gene (EPHX1) that produce two protein variants: 113Tyr-->113His (exon 3) and 139His-->139Arg (exon 4). We(More)
We report data on the genetic variation of the Tepehua population based on 15 autosomal microsatellites. The Tepehua, whose language belongs to the Totonac family, are settled throughout the Sierra Madre Oriental in Mexico and constitute a group in demographic decline. The results suggest that the Tepehua population remained isolated throughout a large part(More)
Objectives: The human GSTTP1 gene is polymorphic with an A → G transition in exon 5 causing a replacement 105 Ile→Val in the GSTP1 protein. The two isoforms, encoded by the alleles GSTP1*A and GSTP1*B, respectively, show different catalytic efficiencies towards some carcinogenic epoxides. In this study we have addressed the possible role of the Ile105Val(More)