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This thesis is a detailed investigation into the following question: how much data must an agent collect in order to perform " reinforcement learning " successfully? This question is analogous to the classical issue of the sample complexity in supervised learning, but is harder because of the increased realism of the reinforcement learning setting. This(More)
Many cortical structures have elevated firing rates during working memory, but it is not known how the activity is maintained. To investigate whether reverberating activity is important, we studied the temporal structure of local field potential (LFP) activity and spiking from area LIP in two awake macaques during a memory-saccade task. Using spectral(More)
ii c 1998 Erik Winfree All Rights Reserved iii Acknowledgements This thesis reports an unusual and unexpected journey through intellectual territory entirely new to me. Who is prepared for such journeys? I was not. Thus my debt is great to those who have helped me along the way, without whose help I would have been completely lost and uninspired. There is(More)
This paper discusses the location bias and the spatial resolution in the reconstruction of a single dipole source by various spatial filtering techniques used for neuromagnetic imaging. We first analyze the location bias for several representative adaptive and non-adaptive spatial filters using their resolution kernels. This analysis theoretically validates(More)
We consider the problem of extracting smooth, low-dimensional neural trajectories that summarize the activity recorded simultaneously from many neurons on individual experimental trials. Beyond the benefit of visualizing the high-dimensional, noisy spiking activity in a compact form, such trajectories can offer insight into the dynamics of the neural(More)
The mouse is a promising model system for auditory cortex research because of the powerful genetic tools available for manipulating its neural circuitry. Previous studies have identified two tonotopic auditory areas in the mouse-primary auditory cortex (AI) and anterior auditory field (AAF)- but auditory receptive fields in these areas have not yet been(More)
iv v Acknowledgements Many thanks are due to my advisors, Richard Andersen and John Hoppeld. Richard has been tremendously supportive throughout, providing valuable advice and encouragement, even when my work has taken me outside the domains typically trodden by members of his group. Furthermore he has assembled an exceptional group of people in whose(More)
An essential step in understanding the function of sensory nervous systems is to characterize as accurately as possible the stimulus-response function (SRF) of the neurons that relay and process sensory information. One increasingly common experimental approach is to present a rapidly varying complex stimulus to the animal while recording the responses of(More)
We describe a class of models that predict how the instantaneous firing rate of a neuron depends on a dynamic stimulus. The models utilize a learnt pointwise nonlinear transform of the stimulus, followed by a linear filter that acts on the sequence of transformed inputs. In one case, the nonlinear transform is the same at all filter lag-times. Thus, this(More)