Mandeep Pinky Gaidhu

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This study was designed to investigate the effects of prolonged activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) on lipid partitioning and the potential molecular mechanisms involved in these processes in white adipose tissue (WAT). Rat epididymal adipocytes were incubated with 5'-aminoimidasole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-d-ribofuranoside (AICAR;0.5 mM) for 15(More)
Nesfatin-1 is a recently discovered multifunctional metabolic hormone abundantly expressed in the pancreatic islets. The main objective of this study is to characterize the direct effects of nesfatin-1 on insulin secretion in vitro using MIN6 cells and islets isolated from C57BL/6 mice. We also examined the expression of the nesfatin-1 precursor protein,(More)
This study investigated the molecular mechanisms by which a high-fat diet (HFD) dysregulates lipolysis and lipid metabolism in mouse epididymal (visceral, VC) and inguinal (subcutaneous, SC) adipocytes. Eight-weeks of HFD feeding increased adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) content and comparative gene identification-58 (CGI-58) expression, whereas(More)
Nesfatin-1 is a recently discovered anorexigen, and we first reported nesfatin-like immunoreactivity in the pancreatic β-cells. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of nesfatin-1 on whole-body energy homeostasis, insulin secretion, and glycemia. The in vivo effects of continuous peripheral delivery of nesfatin-1 using osmotic minipumps on(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 5-aminoimidasole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-d-ribofuranoside (AICAR)-induced AMP-activated protein kinase activation on glycogen metabolism in soleus (slow twitch, oxidative) and epitrochlearis (fast twitch, glycolytic) skeletal muscles. Isolated soleus and epitrochlearis muscles were incubated in the(More)
This study investigated the effects of obesity induced by high-fat (HF) diet on thyroid function and whole-body energy balance. To accomplish that, we assessed the effects of 8 wk of HF diet on several parameters of hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis function. Serum total T(4) and T(3), rT(3), and TSH, the activity of type 1 and type 2 deiodinases in(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR)-induced AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation on basal and insulin-stimulated glucose and fatty acid metabolism in isolated rat adipocytes. AICAR-induced AMPK activation profoundly inhibited basal and insulin-stimulated(More)
This study investigated the role of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the regulation of lipolysis in visceral (VC) and subcutaneous (SC) rat adipocytes and the molecular mechanisms involved in this process. VC (epididymal and retroperitoneal) and SC (inguinal) adipocytes were isolated from male Wistar rats (160-180 g). Adipocytes(More)
This study investigated the effect of chronic AMP-kinase (AMPK) activation with 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-β-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR) on white adipose tissue (WAT) metabolism and the implications for visceral (VC) and subcutaneous (SC) adiposity, whole body-energy homeostasis, and hypothalamic leptin sensitivity. Male Wistar rats received daily single(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) phosphorylation and beta-oxidation in skeletal muscle. L6 rat skeletal muscle cells were exposed to various concentrations of palmitate (1-800 microM). Subsequently, ACC and AMPK(More)