Mandana Chitsazan

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INTRODUCTION Due to the importance of prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) as a postoperative complication, predicting "high-risk" patients by identifying predisposing risk factors is of important issue. The present study was aimed to identify perioperative variables associated with PMV in patients undergoing open heart surgery. METHODS A total of 743(More)
BACKGROUND Infarct size is an important surrogate end point for early and late mortality after acute myocardial infarction. Despite the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with atherosclerotic diseases, adequate data are still lacking regarding the extent of myocardial necrosis after acute myocardial infarction in these patients. OBJECTIVES(More)
BACKGROUND The crucial role of inflammation in the development and progression of atherosclerosis has been previously described. However, there is insufficient data available to demonstrate the changes in high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) during clopidogrel therapy. OBJECTIVES In the present study, we aimed to assess the changes in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Induction of general anesthesia in patients with superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome may cause airway obstruction and cardiovascular collapse. CASE PRESENTATION Herein, we introduced a patient with the diagnosis of dissecting aneurysm of the ascending aorta who was candidate for emergency surgery. He also had symptoms of SVC syndrome. To(More)
BACKGROUND Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is an unsolved clinical problem in critical care patients with a high mortality rate, increasing incidence, and no definitive therapy. We studied the incidence, risk factors, and mortality associated with AKI in ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a prospective study, patient demographics, reason for(More)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major health problem. Despite the wealth of studies on its epidemiology, few have described the thrombus sidedness and particularly the association of thrombus sidedness with clinical presentation and subsequent complications. This article reviews current knowledge regarding this topic and in light of recent data from a large(More)
OBJECTIVE A new flu virus (H1N1) swine origin and cause of human infection with acute lung disease was published in the world and led to many patients were admitted in intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS In a prospective descriptive study, all ICU patients in a pulmonary disease specialist hospital between April 2010 and July 2011 with(More)
OBJECTIVES A growing body of clinical and laboratory evidence indicates that inflammation plays a crucial role in atherosclerosis. In the present study, we compared the effects of clopidogrel and prasugrel on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS The present randomized,(More)
The patent foramen ovale (PFO) usually is a very small potential opening in the atrial septum. Under the conditions of normal hemodynamics with higher left atrial than right atrial pressures, the septum primum is forced against the foramen by the higher left atrial pressure and there is no actual persistent opening through the foramen. However, with any,(More)
Pulmonary embolism is major cause of hospital death. Clinical prediction rules such as Wells' prediction rules can help in selection of at-risk patients who need further testing for pulmonary embolism. We evaluated the usefulness of such criteria for detection of patients with diagnosed pulmonary embolism. Patients enrolled in National Research Institute of(More)