Manchao Zhang

Learn More
The X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) is a promising new molecular target for the design of novel anticancer drugs aiming at overcoming apoptosis-resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents and radiation therapy. Recent studies demonstrated that the BIR3 domain of XIAP where caspase-9 and Smac proteins bind is an attractive site for designing(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most frequent cancer worldwide, comprising approximately 50% of all malignancies in some developing nations. Our recent work identified protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon) as a critical and causative player in establishing an aggressive phenotype in HNSCC. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide with about 600,000 new cases diagnosed in the last year. Our laboratory showed that miR-107 expression is reduced and functions as a tumor suppressor gene in HNSCC suggesting the potential application of miR-107 as a novel anticancer therapeutic. In this study, we(More)
Gossypol, a male contraceptive drug, has been demonstrated to have antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects on many kinds of cancer cells in vitro. HT-29 human carcinoma cell line is one of the most susceptible cell lines to gossypol-induced cell death. Here, it is shown that treatment of HT-29 cells with gossypol not only induces cell cycle arrest on(More)
The rate of gossypol-induced apoptosis does not correlate very well with the same dose of gossypol-induced cell growth inhibition, indicating an anti-proliferative effect of gossypol. Using a co-immunoprecipitation assay, it was observed that the level of Bcl-X(L) protein bound to Bax was clearly lower than that of Bcl-2 protein at 5 micro M of gossypol(More)
beta-Elemene, a new plant-derived anticancer agent with low toxicity, has been reported to be effective in the treatment of leukemia and solid tumors. In the current study, we explored the therapeutic application of beta-elemene in sensitizing lung cancer cells to cisplatin. beta-Elemene considerably enhanced the inhibitory effect of cisplatin on cell(More)
LIGHT is a new member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily, which binds to lymphotoxin beta receptor, herpes virus entry mediator, or TR6. This work was carried out to elucidate the molecular mechanism of LIGHT-sensitized, interferon gamma (IFNgamma)-mediated apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells. It was revealed that LIGHT treatment resulted in down-regulation(More)
Caspase-3 is a critical effector caspase for apoptosis, which cleaves proteins, including cytoskeletal and associated proteins, kinases, and members of the Bcl-2 family of apoptosis-related proteins. This leads to changes in apoptotic morphology, such as membrane externalization and cytoplasm and nuclear condensation. It has been reported that pro-caspase-3(More)
PURPOSE Pyruvate kinase muscle isoenzyme 2 (PKM2) is a key enzyme in aerobic glycolysis and is thought to contribute to cancer cell metabolic reprogramming. The aim of this study was to evaluate PKM2 immunohistochemical expression as a potential prognostic biomarker in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS A tissue microarray was constructed(More)
A novel small molecule inhibitor, 4-(3-methoxy-phenylsulfannyl)-7-nitro-benzofurazan-3-oxide (MNB), competes with the Bak BH3 peptide to bind Bcl-2 protein with a binding affinity of IC50 = 0.70 μM, as assessed by a fluorescence polarization based binding assay. HL-60 cells express the highest levels of Bcl-2 among the cell lines examined. Treated with 5 μM(More)