Manchanahalli R. Satyanarayana Rao

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The hallmark of mammalian spermiogenesis is the dramatic chromatin remodeling process wherein the nucleosomal histones are replaced by the transition proteins TP1, TP2, and TP4. Subsequently these transition proteins are replaced by the protamines P1 and P2. Hyperacetylation of histone H4 is linked to their replacement by transition proteins. Here we report(More)
Histones H1a and H1t are two major linker histone variants present at the pachytene interval of mammalian spermatogenesis. The DNA- and chromatin-condensing properties of these two variants isolated from rat testes were studied and compared with those from rat liver. For this purpose, the histone H1 subtypes were purified from the respective tissues using(More)
PURPOSE Current methods of classification of astrocytoma based on histopathologic methods are often subjective and less accurate. Although patients with glioblastoma have grave prognosis, significant variability in patient outcome is observed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify glioblastoma diagnostic and prognostic markers through microarray(More)
Malignant astrocytomas comprise anaplastic astrocytoma (AA; grade III) and Glioblastoma (GBM; grade IV). GBM is the most malignant with a median survival of 10-12 months in patients. Using cDNA microarray based expression profiling of different grades of astrocytomas, we identified several fold increased levels of PBEF1 transcripts in GBM samples.(More)
The aim was to investigate the association between the CAPN10 gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) -44 (rs2975760), -43 (rs3792267), -19 (rs3842570), and -63 (rs5030952) and type 2 diabetes mellitus in an Asian Indian population in Southern India. A total of 1443 subjects, 794 normal glucose tolerant (NGT) and 649 type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects,(More)
Several DNA binding motifs have been described in the C-terminus of histone H1 (Churchill & Travers, 1991), of these the S/TPKK repeat (Suzuki, 1989) often occurs as a part of an octapeptide repeat of the type XTPKKXKK. We have studied in detail the DNA and chromatin condensing properties of a consensus octapeptide KSPKKAKK (8 mer) present in many histone(More)
Astrocytoma is the most common type of brain cancer constituting more than half of all brain tumors. With an aim to identify markers describing astrocytoma progression, we have carried out microarray analysis of astrocytoma samples of different grades using cDNA microarray containing 1152 cancer-specific genes. Data analysis identified several(More)
In eukaryotes, histone H1 promotes the organization of polynucleosome filaments into chromatin fibers, thus contributing to the formation of an important structural framework responsible for various DNA transaction processes. The H1 protein consists of a short N-terminal "nose," a central globular domain, and a highly basic C-terminal domain. Structure(More)
In a unique global chromatin remodeling process during mammalian spermiogenesis, 90% of the nucleosomal histones are replaced by testis-specific transition proteins, TP1, TP2, and TP4. These proteins are further substituted by sperm-specific protamines, P1 and P2, to form a highly condensed sperm chromatin. In spermatozoa, a small proportion of chromatin,(More)
In an effort to understand the role of the linker histone in chromatin folding, its structure and location in the nucleosome has been studied by molecular modeling methods. The structure of the globular domain of the rat histone H1d, a highly conserved part of the linker histone, built by homology modeling methods, revealed a three-helical bundle fold that(More)