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DNA methylation is crucial for gene regulation and maintenance of genomic stability. Rat has been a key model system in understanding mammalian systemic physiology, however detailed rat methylome remains uncharacterized till date. Here, we present the first high resolution methylome of rat liver generated using Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation and high(More)
Adult Wistar NIN (WNIN) rats (6 months old) of both sexes were orally fed Amalakirasayana at a dose of 4.5 g per kg body weight, five days in a week. The Amalakirasayana was prepared by Arya Vaidya Sala, Kottakkal, Kerala, India, which is considered as gold standard. After 3, 9 and 15 months of such therapeutic regime, rats were sacrificed and various(More)
The Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue with mutations on the fibrillin-1 gene encoding for fibrillin, a major component of the extracellular microfibrils. The prevalence of the syndrome is 7-17/100,000. The mean life expectancy for untreated patients with Marfan syndrome is 32 years with aortic dissection, aortic(More)
With optimal clinical management of patients with Marfan syndrome, life expectancy may be improved substantially from 32 years to a nearly normal life span. Cornerstones of clinical management comprise genetic counseling, life-style management, and cardiovascular surveillance, which includes regular aortic imaging and endocarditis prophylaxis. Prophylactic(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the long-term effects of maternal/postnatal magnesium (Mg) restriction on adiposity, glucose tolerance, and insulin secretion in the offspring and the probable biochemical mechanisms associated with them. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Female weanling Wistar/NIN (WNIN) rats received a control diet or 70% Mg-restricted (MgR) diet for 9(More)
The tyrosine kinase activity of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is regulated by a truncated receptor of 100 kilodaltons (kDa) that contains the EGF-binding site but not the kinase domain. The inhibition of kinase is not due to competition for available EGF or for the kinase substrate-binding site. Chemical cross-linking studies suggest that the(More)
According to the fetal programming hypothesis, impaired intrauterine development results in insulin resistance and associated metabolic disturbances. Recently, we reported increased body fat, a forerunner of insulin resistance, in the pups of mineral-restricted rat dams. To identify the causative mineral(s), the effect of magnesium restriction was assessed.(More)
Food lectins are known to affect the absorption of nutrients in experimental animals and altered morphology of the intestinal mucosa due to prolonged feeding of lectins is suggested to be the cause. However, toxic symptoms appear in humans immediately after consumption of lectin rich foods and the mechanism of this immediate action is not known. This study(More)
Apoptosis Associated Tyrosine Kinase (AATYK), a novel protein recently isolated from differentiating 32D mouse myeloid cells, contains a putative tyrosine kinase domain and several binding motifs for src homology 2 (SH-2) and src homology 3 (SH-3) domain containing proteins. We observed that AATYK is expressed in different regions of the brain. Although it(More)
Antioxidants are important in protection against hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Polyphenols are potent antioxidants in plant foods, but their contribution to such protective effects is yet to be established. This study attempted to generate a database on the antioxidant activity (AOA) and phenolic content (PC) of some plant(More)