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DNA methylation is crucial for gene regulation and maintenance of genomic stability. Rat has been a key model system in understanding mammalian systemic physiology, however detailed rat methylome remains uncharacterized till date. Here, we present the first high resolution methylome of rat liver generated using Methylated DNA immunoprecipitation and high(More)
The Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of the connective tissue with mutations on the fibrillin-1 gene encoding for fibrillin, a major component of the extracellular microfibrils. The prevalence of the syndrome is 7-17/100,000. The mean life expectancy for untreated patients with Marfan syndrome is 32 years with aortic dissection, aortic(More)
With optimal clinical management of patients with Marfan syndrome, life expectancy may be improved substantially from 32 years to a nearly normal life span. Cornerstones of clinical management comprise genetic counseling, life-style management, and cardiovascular surveillance, which includes regular aortic imaging and endocarditis prophylaxis. Prophylactic(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the long-term effects of maternal/postnatal magnesium (Mg) restriction on adiposity, glucose tolerance, and insulin secretion in the offspring and the probable biochemical mechanisms associated with them. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Female weanling Wistar/NIN (WNIN) rats received a control diet or 70% Mg-restricted (MgR) diet for 9(More)
According to the fetal programming hypothesis, impaired intrauterine development results in insulin resistance and associated metabolic disturbances. Recently, we reported increased body fat, a forerunner of insulin resistance, in the pups of mineral-restricted rat dams. To identify the causative mineral(s), the effect of magnesium restriction was assessed.(More)
Epidemiological evidence indicates that poor early growth is associated with increased susceptibility to visceral obesity, insulin resistance and associated diseases in adulthood. Studies in experimental animals have demonstrated a robust association between nutrient imbalance during foetal life and disease prevalence in their later life specially of those(More)
Maternal undernutrition increases the risk of adult chronic diseases, such as obesity and type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated the effect of maternal zinc restriction in predisposing the offspring to adiposity and altered insulin response in later life. Seventy-day-old female Wistar/NIN rats received a control (ZnC) or zinc-restricted (ZnR) diet for 2(More)
Food lectins are known to affect the absorption of nutrients in experimental animals and altered morphology of the intestinal mucosa due to prolonged feeding of lectins is suggested to be the cause. However, toxic symptoms appear in humans immediately after consumption of lectin rich foods and the mechanism of this immediate action is not known. This study(More)
Apoptosis Associated Tyrosine Kinase (AATYK), a novel protein recently isolated from differentiating 32D mouse myeloid cells, contains a putative tyrosine kinase domain and several binding motifs for src homology 2 (SH-2) and src homology 3 (SH-3) domain containing proteins. We observed that AATYK is expressed in different regions of the brain. Although it(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the effect of a daily intake of a micronutrient-fortified beverage for 14 mo on indicators of biochemical status of important micronutrients in schoolchildren. METHODS A double-blind, placebo-controlled, matched-pair, cluster, randomization study design was used. Biochemical indicators of micronutrient status were evaluated at(More)