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BACKGROUND Excessive gum-chewing is underreported as a headache precipitant in children and adolescents. We evaluated the influence of daily excessive gum-chewing in older children and teenagers with chronic headache, emphasizing the impact of habit discontinuation and its reintroduction. METHODS Patients with chronic headache and excessive gum-chewing(More)
OBJECTIVES An association between coeliac disease (CD) and eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE)/oesophageal eosinophilia (EE) has been suggested. We sought to characterise children with CD+EE in-depth and assess the contribution of each condition to the clinical presentation and treatment response. STUDY DESIGN Medical records of children with both CD+EE, or(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The significance of hypergammaglobulinemia as a phenotypic feature of inflammatory bowel disease is unknown. Thus, we aimed to analyze the magnitude and significance of hypergammaglobulinemia in newly diagnosed pediatric inflammatory bowel disease patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The medical records of 296 pediatric onset inflammatory bowel(More)
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