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Various neurotrophic factors that promote axonal regeneration have been investigated in vivo, but the signals that prompt neurons to send out processes in peripheral nerves after axotomy are not well understood. Previously, we have shown oxidized galectin-1 (GAL-1/Ox) promotes initial axonal growth after axotomy in peripheral nerves. However, the mechanism(More)
A major obstacle to the early diagnosis of language loss and to the assessment of language maintenance efforts is the absence of an easy-to-use psycholinguistic measure of language strength. In this paper, we describe and discuss a body-part naming task being developed as part of the Hawai'i Assessment of Language Access (HALA) project. This task, like the(More)
Actin is one of the most conserved proteins in nature. Its assembly and disassembly are regulated by many proteins, including the family of actin-depolymerizing factor homology (ADF-H) domains. ADF-H domains can be divided into five classes: ADF/cofilin, glia maturation factor (GMF), coactosin, twinfilin, and Abp1/drebrin. The best-characterized class is(More)
1. Introduction With the progress of ageing society, the number of blind patients due to retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is dramatically increasing. However, medical cures for these diseases have not yet been established. In the retina of these blind patients, photoreceptor cells that convert optical signal into(More)
The acid-treated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) dispersed in water are only kinetically stable with electrostatic double layer repulsions just balancing against van der Waals (VDW) attractions. Introducing any external factor to disturb this balance causes immediate coagulation of SWCNTs. Here, an amine-covered flat substrate was immersed in the(More)
During a routine health care evaluation, an abnormal shadow was detected in the chest roentgenogram of a 35-year-old man. Chest computed tomography scanning showed a nodule, approximately 3 cm in diameter, in the left S6 pulmonary segment with surrounding infiltration. Bronchoscopy revealed obstruction of the left B6c bronchus by a tumor, for which biopsy(More)
The WW domain is known as one of the smallest protein modules with a triple-stranded beta-sheet fold. Here, we present the solution structure of the second WW domain from the mouse salvador homolog 1 protein. This WW domain forms a homodimer with a beta-clam-like motif, as evidenced by size exclusion chromatography, analytical ultracentrifugation and NMR(More)
We report on two experiments that ask when and under what linguistic conditions comprehenders construct detailed shape representations of mentioned objects, and whether these can change over the course of a sentence when new information contradicts earlier expectations. We used Japanese because the verb-final word order of Japanese presented a revealing(More)
Human RNA helicase II/Gu alpha (RH-II/Gu alpha) and RNA helicase II/Gu beta (RH-II/Gu beta) are paralogues that share the same domain structure, consisting of the DEAD box helicase domain (DEAD), the helicase conserved C-terminal domain (helicase_C), and the GUCT domain. The N-terminal regions of the RH-II/Gu proteins, including the DEAD domain and the(More)