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Although a number of radiological studies have suggested that brains of patients suffering from schizophrenia have morphological abnormalities, the results are inconsistent. In the present study, in order to examine the brain, morphological features of homogeneous schizophrenics' brain magnetic resonance imagings (MRI) were taken, before neuroleptic(More)
Peripheral neurons which depend on NGF for their survival undergo apoptosis after NGF deprivation. However, a convenient in vitro method for assessing the programmed cell death of the central neurons has not been established, because the dependence of particular central neurons on neurotrophic factors has been clarified only for small populations of(More)
Donepezil, a potent acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), is thought to have a neuroprotective effect in AD patients. Because a deficit in cholinergic neurotransmission is a major feature in AD, and amyloid-beta (Abeta) accumulation has been proposed as a possible causative phenomenon, we were interested(More)
Donepezil has a neuroprotective effect against oxygen-glucose deprivation injury and glutamate toxicity in cultured cortical neurons. In this study, we further characterized the neuroprotective properties of donepezil in rat cortical cell cultures using glutamate receptor-specific agonists (N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA),(More)
Donepezil hydrochloride (donepezil: (+/-)-2-[(1-benzylpiperidin-4-yl)methyl]-5,6-dimethoxy-indan-1-one monohydrochloride) is a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used for treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Although acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are used as a symptomatic treatment for Alzheimer's disease, it is not clear whether or not they are effective(More)
Several types of voltage-dependent calcium channels appear to occur in neurons, although coupling of the particular subtype of calcium channels to the release of neurotransmitter has not been clearly understood. We have examined the effects of subtype-specific inhibitors of the calcium channels on depolarization-induced release of endogenous(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), a glycoprotein with hormonal properties, is produced by several cell types, most of which exist outside the CNS. GM-CSF, however, affects the CNS. If capable of crossing from blood to CNS, GM-CSF might be an important signalling molecule between the CNS and periphery. We used an established in vivo(More)
Serum amyloid P component (SAP) is a normal plasma constituent that is observed both in senile plaque and in neurofibrillary tangle in brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we evaluated the SAP levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 72 patients with AD, 11 frontotemporal dementia and nine normal control subjects. There was no(More)
Donepezil is a potent acetylcholinesterase inhibitor used for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Although acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are thought to be symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease, it is not clear whether they are effective against progressive degeneration of neuronal cells. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effects(More)
1. Endothelin-1-like immunoreactivity (ET-1-LI) in cerebral cortex in postmortem brains obtained from patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD) was measured by enzyme-immunoassay. 2. The ET-1-LI in the ATD brains was significantly increased in frontal and occipital cortex than those in the control brains and a significant correlation was found between(More)