Manami Endo

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Neurotransmitters induce contractions of smooth muscle cells initially by mobilizing Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) receptors. Here we studied roles of the molecules involved in Ca2+ mobilization in single smooth muscle cells. A slow rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in agonist-stimulated smooth muscle(More)
The temporal and spatial distribution of increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration is an important factor in cellular signal transduction. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) plays a key part in agonist-induced Ca2+ release, which can take place abruptly and in a confined space by a mechanism that is not fully understood. Here we analyse the kinetics(More)
Calcium store of the skinned fibers of the guinea-pig portal vein, pulmonary artery and taenia caeci consisted of two classes: one with both Ca-induced Ca release (CICR) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-induced Ca release (IICR) mechanisms (S alpha) and the other only with IICR mechanisms (S beta). Ryanodine, applied during the CICR was activated,(More)
1. The dependence on pH of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-induced Ca2+ release was studied in saponin-skinned smooth muscle cells from guinea-pig portal vein, using the indicator fura-2 to monitor Ca2+ release. 2. Increasing pH between 6.7 and 7.3 enhanced the rate of IP3-induced Ca2+ release at all the Ca2+ concentrations above 30 nM without changing(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was shown to induce neuronal death in the CNS. To characterize the neurotoxicity of PGE2 and E-prostanoid receptors (EP) in motor neurons, we investigated PGE2-induced cell death and the type(s) of EP responsible for mediating it in NSC-34, a motor neuron-like cell line. Immunoblotting studies showed that EP2 and EP3 were dominantly(More)
1. We analysed the effect of calmodulin on Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) using chemically skinned fibres of rabbit psoas muscle. Ca2+ release was measured using fura-2 microfluorometry. 2. In saponin-skinned fibres, calmodulin potentiated Ca2+ release at low Ca2+ concentrations (< 3 microM), while it showed an(More)
Studies in smooth muscle bundles have shown the presence of functionally different compartments of Ca2+ store, one (S alpha) sensitive to both caffeine and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), and the other (S beta) sensitive only to IP3. Ca2+ release in isolated single smooth muscle cells from guinea pig taenia caeci was studied to see if both compartments(More)
Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) is a well-characterized axon growth inhibitor in the adult vertebrate nervous system. Several signals that play roles in inhibiting axon growth have been identified. Here, we report that soluble MAG induces activation of Rap1 in postnatal cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. The p75(More)
We studied the effects of caffeine on inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-induced Ca2+ release in saponin-permeabilized smooth muscle cells. The Ca2+ concentration in the vicinity of the Ca2+ store was strongly buffered to exclude the secondary effect of Ca2+ on the Ca2+ release. 2 mM caffeine shifted the IP3 concentration-Ca2+ release relation at 100 nM(More)