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To study the molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal programmed cell death (PCD), we performed differential display screening for genes, the expression of which was induced during PCD in the sympathetic neuron culture model deprived of NGF. We cloned a gene encoding a novel polypeptide (DP5) which consisted of 92 amino acids. DP5 polypeptide had no(More)
We cloned genes the expression of which were induced 3 days after cortical injury of rat brain by a differential display technique, and four novel and known sequences were isolated. Among these sequences, the sgk gene which was recently identified as a novel member of the serine/threonine protein kinase gene family, was selected for analysis of its(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal death after transient forebrain ischemia, we cloned genes expressed after transient forebrain ischemia in the Mongolian gerbil by a differential display method. A gerbil homolog of rat zinc transporter, ZnT-1, which transports intracellular Zn2+ out of cells, was isolated. Its expression became(More)
To investigate the biological roles of the presenilin-1 (PS-1) gene after neuronal injury, the changes of PS-1 mRNA expression in the gerbil hippocampus after transient ischemia were examined. From 1 day to 3 day-reperfusion after 5 min-ischemia, PS-1 mRNA was induced in the hippocampus compared with the sham-operated control. The cells which induced the(More)
DP5, which contains a BH3 domain, was cloned as a neuronal apoptosis-inducing gene. To confirm that DP5 interacts with members of the Bcl-2 family, 293T cells were transiently co-transfected with DP5 and Bcl-xl cDNA constructs, and immunoprecipitation was carried out. The 30-kDa Bcl-xl was co-immunoprecipitated with Myc-tagged DP5, suggesting that DP5(More)
Parkin-associated endothelin receptor-like receptor (Pael-R) is a substrate of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Parkin, which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease. Misexpression of human Pael-R in Drosophila has been shown to induce selective loss of dopaminergic neurons, a symptom of Parkinson disease. Using this model, we investigated(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying post-ischemic phenomena including delayed neuronal death, we screened for genes which were induced in the hippocampus after transient global ischemia in the Mongolian gerbil by a differential display method, and cloned a gerbil homologue of human ADP-ribosylation factor 4L (ARF4L). Although the physiological(More)
Sleep is a fundamental biological process for all animals. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate sleep are still poorly understood. Here we report that sleep-like behavior in Drosophila is severely impaired by mutations in sarah (sra), a member of the Regulator of Calcineurin (RCAN) family of genes. Sleep reduction in sra mutants is highly(More)
Modulatory calcineurin-interacting proteins (MCIPs)--also termed regulators of calcineurin (RCNs), calcipressins, or DSCR1 (Down's syndrome critical region 1)--are highly conserved regulators of calcineurin, a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase . Although overexpression experiments in several organisms have revealed that MCIPs inhibit(More)
We cloned genes the expression of which is induced in the Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia by a differential display technique. Among these genes, a rat serine protease inhibitor SPI-3 homologue was isolated. Present analyses suggested that the expression of gerbil SPI-3 mRNA was closely associated with(More)