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Modulatory calcineurin-interacting proteins (MCIPs)--also termed regulators of calcineurin (RCNs), calcipressins, or DSCR1 (Down's syndrome critical region 1)--are highly conserved regulators of calcineurin, a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase . Although overexpression experiments in several organisms have revealed that MCIPs inhibit(More)
Imd-mediated innate immunity is activated in response to infection by Gram-negative bacteria and leads to the activation of Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) and Relish, a nuclear factor-kappaB transcription factor responsible for the expression of antimicrobial peptides. Plenty of SH3s (POSH) has been shown to function as a scaffold protein for JNK(More)
Parkin-associated endothelin receptor-like receptor (Pael-R) is a substrate of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Parkin, which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease. Misexpression of human Pael-R in Drosophila has been shown to induce selective loss of dopaminergic neurons, a symptom of Parkinson disease. Using this model, we investigated(More)
Sleep is a fundamental biological process for all animals. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate sleep are still poorly understood. Here we report that sleep-like behavior in Drosophila is severely impaired by mutations in sarah (sra), a member of the Regulator of Calcineurin (RCAN) family of genes. Sleep reduction in sra mutants is highly(More)
For the faithful initiation of transcription of exogenously added fibroin gene, a crude cellular extract was prepared from the posterior silk glands where fibroin gene is specifically transcribed. The faithful initiation was demonstrated by the assay with use of truncated fibroin gene templates and confirmed by nuclease S1 mapping. The transcription(More)
Insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) plays an important role as a systemic regulator of metabolism in multicellular organisms. Hyperinsulinemia, a high level of blood insulin, is often associated with impaired physiological conditions such as hypoglycemia, insulin resistance, and diabetes. However, due to the complex pathophysiology of hyperinsulinemia,(More)
To better understand the genetic bases of postmating responses in Drosophila melanogaster females, we screened a collection of P{GS} insertion lines and identified two insertions in sarah (sra), whose misexpression in the nervous system induced high levels of ovulation in virgins. The gene sra encodes a protein similar to human Down syndrome critical region(More)
MachiBase (http://machibase.gi.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/) provides a comprehensive and freely accessible resource regarding Drosophila melanogaster 5'-end mRNA transcription at different developmental states, supporting studies on the variabilities of promoter transcriptional activities and gene-expression profiles in the fruitfly. The data were generated in(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster sex-peptide (melSP) is a seminal fluid component that induces postmating responses (PMR) of females via the sex-peptide receptor (SPR) . Although SP orthologs are found in many Drosophila species, their functions remain poorly characterized. It is unknown whether SP functions are conserved across species or rather specific to(More)
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