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Imd-mediated innate immunity is activated in response to infection by Gram-negative bacteria and leads to the activation of Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK) and Relish, a nuclear factor-kappaB transcription factor responsible for the expression of antimicrobial peptides. Plenty of SH3s (POSH) has been shown to function as a scaffold protein for JNK(More)
Plenty of SH3s (POSH) functions as a scaffold protein for the Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway, which leads to cell death in mammalian cultured cells and Drosophila. Here, we show that POSH forms a complex with Apoptosis-linked gene-2 (ALG-2) and ALG-2-interacting protein (ALIX/AIP1) in a calcium-dependent manner. Overexpression of(More)
Wingless (Wg) is a member of the Wnt family of growth factors, secreted proteins that control proliferation and differentiation during development. Studies in Drosophila have shown that responses to Wg require cell-surface heparan sulphate, a glycosaminoglycan component of proteoglycans. These findings suggest that a cell-surface proteoglycan is a component(More)
Modulatory calcineurin-interacting proteins (MCIPs)--also termed regulators of calcineurin (RCNs), calcipressins, or DSCR1 (Down's syndrome critical region 1)--are highly conserved regulators of calcineurin, a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase . Although overexpression experiments in several organisms have revealed that MCIPs inhibit(More)
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here we provide genetic evidence that Drosophila Ide (dIde) antagonizes the insulin signaling pathway and human Abeta-induced neurotoxicity in Drosophila. In this study, we also generated a dIde knockout mutant (dIde(KO)) by gene(More)
The insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and the target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling pathways are known to regulate lifespan in diverse organisms. However, only a limited number of genes involved in these pathways have been examined regarding their effects on lifespan. Through a gain-of-function screen in Drosophila, we found that overexpression of the(More)
The Drosophila melanogaster sex-peptide (melSP) is a seminal fluid component that induces postmating responses (PMR) of females via the sex-peptide receptor (SPR) . Although SP orthologs are found in many Drosophila species, their functions remain poorly characterized. It is unknown whether SP functions are conserved across species or rather specific to(More)
The primary structure of rhodopsin from the octopus Paroctopus defleini has been determined by parallel analysis of the protein and corresponding cDNA. The amino acid sequence is most similar to the recently cloned Drosophila opsins. Similarities to bovine and human opsins are also evident. The transmembrane topology of octopus rhodopsin is discussed.
Parkin-associated endothelin receptor-like receptor (Pael-R) is a substrate of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Parkin, which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease. Misexpression of human Pael-R in Drosophila has been shown to induce selective loss of dopaminergic neurons, a symptom of Parkinson disease. Using this model, we investigated(More)
The antibiotic extrusion machinery in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is assembled from the mex-operon encoded proteins, OprM and MexA-MexB, connecting the outer and inner membranes. To envisage the role of these proteins in antibiotic extrusion and resistance, we employed the gene replacement technique to construct mutants deficient in mexA, mexB, or oprM, and all(More)