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Eukaryotic cells deal with accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by the unfolded protein response, involving the induction of molecular chaperones, translational attenuation, and ER-associated degradation, to prevent cell death. Here, we found that the autophagy system is activated as a novel signaling pathway in response to ER(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) often occurs in Brugada syndrome (BrS), and BrS patients with spontaneous AF often experience ventricular fibrillation (VF) attacks. Atrial vulnerability providing a substrate for AF is known to be enhanced in BrS, but there are no data on atrial structural attributes. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess(More)
The neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) is expressed in the developmental stage of the cochlea. However, the role of the p75NTR in the inner ear remains to be established. In this study, we conducted electrophysiological and morphological analyses of the auditory function of mice carrying a mutation in the p75 gene at different longitudinal stages. The mice(More)
Recent studies have suggested that neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease or ischemia could arise from dysfunction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Although caspase-12 has been implicated in ER stress-induced apoptosis and amyloid-beta (Abeta)-induced apoptosis in rodents, it is controversial whether similar mechanisms operate in humans. We found that(More)
Recently, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysfunction has been implicated in neuronal death in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Treatment of human neuroblastoma cells with ER stress inducers causes apoptotic death. We confirmed that ER stress inducers specifically targeted the ER to cause apoptotic morphological changes. We also found that caspase-3, and not(More)
Application of differential display to cultured rat astrocytes allowed cloning of Herp cDNA. Although Herp was strongly induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, it decayed rapidly consequent to proteasome-mediated degradation. To investigate the role of this molecule in terms of the stress response, Herp knockout cells were developed using F9 embryonic(More)
Repeated stressful events are known to be associated with onset of depression. Further, stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system by elevating plasma cortisol levels. However, little is known about the related downstream molecular pathway. In this study, by using repeated water-immersion and restraint stress (WIRS) as a(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is involved in multiple brain functions. To clarify the cause of abnormal behavior in PACAP deficient-mice, we attempted the identification of genes whose expression was altered in the dentate gyrus of PACAP-deficient mice using the differential display method. Expression of stathmin1 was(More)
BACKGROUND Although it has been demonstrated that cardiac remodeling and exercise capacity improve after transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (ASD), little is known about long-term benefits in middle-aged and elderly patients with a reduction in cardiopulmonary function. OBJECTIVES To evaluate long-term extent and time course of improvements in(More)
Impaired exercise capacity has been found in patients with diastolic dysfunction with preserved systolic function. Although conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides useful clinical information about systolic and diastolic cardiac function, its capability to evaluate exercise capacity has been controversial. The inertia force of late(More)