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Eukaryotic cells deal with accumulation of unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by the unfolded protein response, involving the induction of molecular chaperones, translational attenuation, and ER-associated degradation, to prevent cell death. Here, we found that the autophagy system is activated as a novel signaling pathway in response to ER(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) often occurs in Brugada syndrome (BrS), and BrS patients with spontaneous AF often experience ventricular fibrillation (VF) attacks. Atrial vulnerability providing a substrate for AF is known to be enhanced in BrS, but there are no data on atrial structural attributes. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to assess(More)
The neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) is expressed in the developmental stage of the cochlea. However, the role of the p75NTR in the inner ear remains to be established. In this study, we conducted electrophysiological and morphological analyses of the auditory function of mice carrying a mutation in the p75 gene at different longitudinal stages. The mice(More)
Recent studies have suggested that neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease or ischemia could arise from dysfunction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Although caspase-12 has been implicated in ER stress-induced apoptosis and amyloid-beta (Abeta)-induced apoptosis in rodents, it is controversial whether similar mechanisms operate in humans. We found that(More)
Impaired exercise capacity has been found in patients with diastolic dysfunction with preserved systolic function. Although conventional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides useful clinical information about systolic and diastolic cardiac function, its capability to evaluate exercise capacity has been controversial. The inertia force of late(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) in elderly patients with permanent atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND Little is known about the feasibility of device closure of ASD in those patients. METHODS Nine consecutive patients (mean age 68.1 years) with permanent atrial(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) in patients over 70 years of age. BACKGROUND Transcatheter closure of ASD is an established procedure in children and young adults, but the benefits of this procedure in geriatric patients are still unclear. METHODS Between 2005 and 2010, 430 patients(More)
Recently, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysfunction has been implicated in neuronal death in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Treatment of human neuroblastoma cells with ER stress inducers causes apoptotic death. We confirmed that ER stress inducers specifically targeted the ER to cause apoptotic morphological changes. We also found that caspase-3, and not(More)
Application of differential display to cultured rat astrocytes allowed cloning of Herp cDNA. Although Herp was strongly induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, it decayed rapidly consequent to proteasome-mediated degradation. To investigate the role of this molecule in terms of the stress response, Herp knockout cells were developed using F9 embryonic(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is involved in multiple brain functions. To clarify the cause of abnormal behavior in PACAP deficient-mice, we attempted the identification of genes whose expression was altered in the dentate gyrus of PACAP-deficient mice using the differential display method. Expression of stathmin1 was(More)