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The neurotrophin receptor p75 (p75NTR) is expressed in the developmental stage of the cochlea. However, the role of the p75NTR in the inner ear remains to be established. In this study, we conducted electrophysiological and morphological analyses of the auditory function of mice carrying a mutation in the p75 gene at different longitudinal stages. The mice(More)
Recent studies have suggested that neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease or ischemia could arise from dysfunction of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Although caspase-12 has been implicated in ER stress-induced apoptosis and amyloid-beta (Abeta)-induced apoptosis in rodents, it is controversial whether similar mechanisms operate in humans. We found that(More)
Repeated stressful events are known to be associated with onset of depression. Further, stress activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system by elevating plasma cortisol levels. However, little is known about the related downstream molecular pathway. In this study, by using repeated water-immersion and restraint stress (WIRS) as a(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is involved in multiple brain functions. To clarify the cause of abnormal behavior in PACAP deficient-mice, we attempted the identification of genes whose expression was altered in the dentate gyrus of PACAP-deficient mice using the differential display method. Expression of stathmin1 was(More)
Recently, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dysfunction has been implicated in neuronal death in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Treatment of human neuroblastoma cells with ER stress inducers causes apoptotic death. We confirmed that ER stress inducers specifically targeted the ER to cause apoptotic morphological changes. We also found that caspase-3, and not(More)
The 94 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP94), the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) resident molecular chaperone, has a role in cell death due to endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress). Here, we report that expression of GRP94 was increased in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y (SY5Y) cells) exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). H/R mediated death of SY5Y(More)
The tricarboxylate carrier protein catalyzes an electroneutral exchange across the mitochondrial inner membrane of tricarboxylate, dicarboxylate or phosphoenolpyruvate. We examined expression and localization of mitochondrial tricarboxylate carrier TCC mRNA and protein in the rat brain. TCC mRNA was ubiquitously expressed in all rat tissues examined and was(More)
Fibroblast proliferation and migration play important roles in wound healing. bFGF is known to promote both fibroblast proliferation and migration during the process of wound healing. However, the signal transduction of bFGF-induced fibroblast migration is still unclear, because bFGF can affect both proliferation and migration. Herein, we investigated the(More)
The Drosophila pericentrin-like protein has been shown to be essential for the formation of the sensory cilia of chemosensory and mechanosensory neurons by mutant analysis in flies, while the in vivo function of pericentrin, a well-studied mammalian centrosomal protein related to microcephalic primordial dwarfism, has been unclear. To determine whether(More)
Neuronal Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions (LBHI) and astrocytic hyaline inclusions (Ast-HI) containing mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) are morphological hallmarks of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) associated with mutant SOD1. However, the mechanisms by which mutant SOD1 contributes to formation of LBHI/Ast-HI in FALS remain poorly(More)