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Carotid atherosclerosis appears to be predictive of myocardial infarction. Because several sonographical indices are available for carotid ultrasound (US), we compared "blindly" the potential utilities of those indices for predicting coronary lesions in 270 patients. Carotid atherosclerosis was evaluated by the following four indices: plaque score (PlaS),(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Echo-lucent carotid plaques can be fragile and vulnerable to rupture, representing a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Given the studies showing that elevated levels of circulating inflammatory markers are predictive of cardiovascular events, we sought to determine whether higher levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and(More)
OBJECTIVE Basilar arterial (BA) dolichoectasia is associated with cerebral small-vessel disease and stroke. However, the association between moderate dilation of the BA and cerebral small-vessel disease or subsequent cardiovascular events remains unclear. This study aims to clarify the factors related to BA diameter and to clarify whether the BA diameter is(More)
Moyamoya vessels, which form a fragile collateral vascular network at the base of the brain, are associated with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. The mechanisms involved in their development remain unknown. This study evaluated the angiographic findings of the collateral vasculature in patients with moyamoya vessels secondary to atherosclerotic(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) detected by T2*-weighted MRI are a potential indicator of hypertension, microvascular disease and hemorrhagic stroke. An association between infective endocarditis (IE) and CMBs has been reported recently, but the clinical significance remains unclear. We hypothesized that CMBs in patients with IE are associated with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE There is epidemiological evidence that increased carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. However, the significance of carotid IMT in high-risk patients in whom risk factors are managed clinically has not been adequately investigated. The purpose of this study was to determine the(More)
Vascular risk factors are thought to be important for dementia. However, there is little evidence for a prospective association between cerebral blood flow and the risk of cognitive decline. Twenty-seven cognitively intact hypertensive patients aged 55 years and older with lacunar infarction or white matter lesions in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of systemic blood pressure-lowering treatment with an angiotensin II receptor blocker, valsartan, on cerebral hemodynamics in patients with hypertension and evidence of cerebral small vessel disease. METHODS We used positron emission tomography and acetazolamide challenge tests to measure(More)
OBJECTIVE Hemorrhagic risk is unknown in patients with moyamoya-like vessels associated with atherosclerotic intracranial cerebral artery occlusion. This study was undertaken to investigate the association between moyamoya-like vessels and cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in patients with atherosclerotic steno-occlusive disease. METHODS The study population(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Limited information is available on the long-term effects of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on systemic atherosclerosis. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the relationship between chronic elevation of IL-6 and the long-term progression of carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS We prospectively evaluated 210 patients with ≥1 vascular(More)