Manabu Sakaguchi

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Carotid atherosclerosis appears to be predictive of myocardial infarction. Because several sonographical indices are available for carotid ultrasound (US), we compared "blindly" the potential utilities of those indices for predicting coronary lesions in 270 patients. Carotid atherosclerosis was evaluated by the following four indices: plaque score (PlaS),(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with incident dementia independent of cerebral small-vessel disease (SVD) in patients with vascular risk factors. METHODS Using data from a Japanese cohort of participants with vascular risk factors in an ongoing observational study from 2001, we evaluated the association between(More)
Stabilization of carotid artery plaques by pharmacologic intervention is a promising strategy for the prevention of ischemic stroke. In this study, we examined the effect of 12 months of statin therapy on carotid plaque echogenicity. This study included 81 hypercholesterolemic patients with carotid atherosclerotic plaques. Echogenicity of the largest plaque(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral microbleeds (CMB) are observed in the elderly and have been regarded as one of the manifestations of small vessel disease. Although inflammatory processes have attracted much attention not only in large-artery disease, but also in small vessel disease, their involvement in CMB remains to be determined. The purpose of this(More)
Atherosclerotic diseases are thought to be less frequent in Asians compared with Caucasians. Unlike Caucasians, nearly half of Asians have a functional deficiency in the low Km aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2), a key enzyme in alcohol metabolism, which potentially modifies the prevalence of atherosclerosis. This study examined the associations between ALDH2(More)
AIM We investigated the influence of preadmission anticoagulation on infarct volume in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). METHODS Data were collected on consecutive ischemic stroke patients with NVAF admitted to Osaka University Hospital between 2004 and 2011. Patients were divided into 3 groups: the no-anticoagulation group, the(More)
OBJECTIVE Basilar arterial (BA) dolichoectasia is associated with cerebral small-vessel disease and stroke. However, the association between moderate dilation of the BA and cerebral small-vessel disease or subsequent cardiovascular events remains unclear. This study aims to clarify the factors related to BA diameter and to clarify whether the BA diameter is(More)
Moyamoya vessels, which form a fragile collateral vascular network at the base of the brain, are associated with moyamoya disease and moyamoya syndrome. The mechanisms involved in their development remain unknown. This study evaluated the angiographic findings of the collateral vasculature in patients with moyamoya vessels secondary to atherosclerotic(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Echo-lucent carotid plaques can be fragile and vulnerable to rupture, representing a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Given the studies showing that elevated levels of circulating inflammatory markers are predictive of cardiovascular events, we sought to determine whether higher levels of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) detected by T2*-weighted MRI are a potential indicator of hypertension, microvascular disease and hemorrhagic stroke. An association between infective endocarditis (IE) and CMBs has been reported recently, but the clinical significance remains unclear. We hypothesized that CMBs in patients with IE are associated with(More)