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PURPOSE This prospective, randomized, double-masked, crossover trial was conducted to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of progressive addition lenses (PALs) compared with single-vision lenses (SVLs) on myopia progression in Japanese children. METHODS Ninety-two children fulfilling the inclusion criteria (age: 6-12 years, spherical equivalent refractive(More)
PURPOSE To assess whether optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) can be used as an alternative to conventional fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) for the detection of myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV). DESIGN Validity and reliability analysis. METHODS Twenty-eight eyes of 26 consecutive Japanese patients with exudative lesions(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the ability of patients with strabismus and/or amblyopia to see 3D images. METHODS A questionnaire survey conducted for children aged 6 to 19 years and adults aged 20 to 39 years on their experience of viewing 3D images (movies, motion attractions, television, games), asking whether they could see stereoscopically, with or without(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the cycloplegic effect of mixed eye drops containing 0.5% tropicamide and 0.5% phenylephrine in myopic children, and to determine whether their efficacy was associated with their clinical characteristics. METHODS Eighty-one myopic children (age, mean +/- SD, 11.0 +/- 1.5 years; mean spherical equivalent refractive error, -4.27 +/- 1.41(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the test-retest repeatability of axial length (AL) measurements made with the IOLMaster in children with a wide range of myopic refractive errors, and to clarify the relationship between the AL and other refractive components. METHODS The subjects were 95 children (mean age +/- SD, 10.8 +/- 1.3 years; range, 7-13 years; mean refractive(More)
In this study, we describe the creation of three interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha)8 mutants with markedly higher antiviral and antiproliferative activities in comparison with those of the wild-type (wt)IFN-alpha8, wtIFN-alpha2, and IFN-con1 using a phage display system. Sequence analysis showed that three out of the six hot-spot amino acid residues of(More)
PURPOSE To determine the influence of the lag of accommodation (LOA) on the accommodative convergence to accommodation (AC/A) ratio measured by the far-gradient method in strabismic patients. METHODS The AC/A ratio was measured with a distance target viewed with and without -3.00 diopter (D) addition lenses in 63 patients with different types of(More)
Although a 0.3 Bangerter filter, which reduces visual acuity, is frequently used for treating moderate amblyopia, the effects on gross stereopsis are not well known. This study quantitatively evaluated whether gross stereopsis is degraded by a Bangerter filter. Seven healthy subjects (median age: 29 years) participated in this psychophysical study. Targets(More)
Purpose To investigate the difference in intraocular vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) concentration between pachychoroid neovasculopathy and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and its associations with responses to three monthly anti-VEGF injections as an initial treatment for the two conditions. Methods This study included nine(More)
The purpose was to investigate an objective and quantitative method to estimate the redness of the optic disc neuroretinal rim, and to determine the usefulness of this method to differentiate compressive optic neuropathy (CON) from glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON). In our study there were 126 eyes: 40 with CON, 40 with normal tension glaucoma (NTG), and(More)