Manabu Kunimoto

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We examined the effects of bisphenol A, an endocrine disruptor, on rat behavioral and cellular responses. Single intracisternal administration of bisphenol A (0.2-20 microg) into 5-day-old male Wistar rats caused significant hyperactivity at 4-5 weeks of age. Rats were about 1.6-fold more active in the nocturnal phase after administration of both 2 and 20(More)
The mechanisms of regulation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) production in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-infected respiratory epithelial cells were evaluated in A549 cell cultures. Incubation with purified RSV resulted in significant production of IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). Addition of saturating concentrations of(More)
Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is a selenoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of the active site disulfide of thioredoxin (Trx), which regulates the redox status of the cells. In the present study, we found that TrxR1, one of the three TrxR isozymes, was induced by cadmium as well as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in bovine arterial endothelial cells(More)
To examine whether abnormal migration of granule cells in the external granular layer during cerebellar development is in part of the etiology of fetal Minamata disease, organotypic culture of rat cerebellar slice was established. Migration of external granule cells pulse-labeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) toward the internal granular layer was inhibited(More)
Elevation in the level of intracellular cAMP is known to induce the astrocytic differentiation of C6 glioma cells by unknown mechanisms. In this report, we show that cAMP-induced autocrine interleukin 6 (IL-6) promoted astrocytic differentiation of C6 cells. Treatment of cells with N(6),2'-O-dibutyryl cAMP (Bt(2)AMP) and theophylline caused the delayed(More)
Cadmium, an environmental pollutant, caused nephroptosis that was inhibitable by zinc. The mechanism of the antiapoptotic action of zinc is poorly understood. In this study, we found the stimulation of DNA synthesis, as assessed by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation, during prevention by zinc of apoptosis, suggesting that the proliferactive nature of zinc(More)
Respiratory epithelial cells infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) produce interleukin-8 (IL-8); however, the mechanisms of RSV-induced regulation of IL-8 are poorly understood. In the present study, the regulation of IL-8 by RSV was evaluated using pulmonary type II-like epithelials (A549). Live purified RSV (pRSV) induced a significant increase(More)
We investigated acute cytotoxic effects and Hg accumulation after exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) or Hg(2+) in the presence or absence of serum in cultured astrocytes prepared from the cerebral hemisphere or cerebellum of newborn rats. Dose-related changes in viable cell numbers after exposure to mercuric compounds were not different between astrocytes(More)
Male Wistar rats were exposed to 4 ppm NO2 for 10 days in order to examine the relationship between the changes in components of red cell membranes and alterations of erythrocyte population. Na+, K+-ATPase activity of red blood cell membranes of exposed animals showed a significantly higher value than that of the control at the first and fourth days of(More)
The effect of cadmium at nonhemolytic concentrations on rat red blood cells was examined in vitro and compared with that of mercury. When rat red blood cells were incubated at 37 degrees C with 0.5 to 2.0 mM CdCl2 for 60 min, age-related changes of red blood cells occurred. These changes developed in a dose-dependent manner and included increases in cell(More)