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Ankyrins are a family of membrane-associated proteins that can be divided into two immunologically distinct groups: (a) erythrocyte-related isoforms (ankyrinR) that have polarized distributions in particular cell types; and (b) brain-related isoforms (ankyrinB) that display a broader distribution. In this paper, we report the isolation and sequences of(More)
We examined the effects of bisphenol A, an endocrine disruptor, on rat behavioral and cellular responses. Single intracisternal administration of bisphenol A (0.2-20 microg) into 5-day-old male Wistar rats caused significant hyperactivity at 4-5 weeks of age. Rats were about 1.6-fold more active in the nocturnal phase after administration of both 2 and 20(More)
This report describes initial characterization of a 440-kD isoform of brain ankyrin (ankyrinB) representing an alternatively spliced mRNA product of the gene encoding the major isoform of ankyrin in adult human brain (Otto, E., M. Kunimoto, T. McLaughlin, V. Bennett, J. Cell Biology. 114:241-253). Northern and immunoblot analyses indicate that 440-kD(More)
Two isoforms of brain ankyrin, 440- and 220- kD ankyrinB, are generated from the same gene by alternative splicing of pre-mRNA. The larger isoform shares the same NH2-terminal and COOH-terminal domains to the smaller isoform and contains, in addition, a unique inserted domain of about 220-kD in size (Kunimoto, M., E. Otto, and V. Bennett. 1991. J. Cell(More)
Cells prepared from the cerebral hemisphere of embryonic Day 18 rats were maintained for 2 days in serum-free modified Bottenstein-Sato (mBS) medium containing thyroid hormone (TH), with or without leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) or bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, and these influences on the differentiation and development of glial cells were(More)
The influence of cell density and thyroid hormone (TH) on the development of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes was investigated in primary cultures prepared from rat cerebral hemisphere on embryonic day (E)18. At the beginning of the culture, most of the cells were microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2)-positive neurons, whereas O1-positive oligodendrocytes(More)
We examined the effects of cadmium on the bcl-2 family of proteins--bcl-2, bax, bad, and bcl-xS/L--in cadmium-induced cytotoxicity. Addition of 10 microM cadmium to cultured porcine kidney LLC-PK(1) cells caused apoptosis. Western blot analyses revealed that cadmium markedly increased endogenous bcl-2 protein (to 3-4 times the level in wild-type cells)(More)
Two isoforms of brain ankyrin, 440 kDa and 220 kDa ankyrinB, which are products of alternatively spliced pre-mRNA encoded by a single gene, are both expressed in human neuroblastoma NB-1 cells. Expression of the polypeptide and mRNA of the larger isoform increased upon induction of neurite outgrowth in NB-1 cells by dibutyryl cAMP, while those of the(More)
Expression and localization of two isoforms of brain ankyrin, 440- and 220-kDa ankyrinB, were studied in the developing nervous system of the rat fetus. The 440-kDa ankyrinB appeared on as early as embryonic day 13, and its level increased progressively toward the day of birth, which was similar to the expression pattern of growth-associated protein(More)
Brain-specific isoforms of ankyrin, 440 kDa and 220 kDa ankyrinB, which are generated from a single gene by alternative splicing of pre-mRNA, are both expressed in human neuroblastoma NB-1 cells and the expression of the larger isoform is increased upon induction of neurite outgrowth. Exposure to methylmercury, a potent neurotoxic substance, at a sublethal(More)