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We report a new family with palatal myoclonus, pyramidal tract signs, cerebellar signs, marked atrophy of the medulla oblongata and spinal cord, and autosomal dominant inheritance. These findings were almost identical with those in patients previously reported to have histopathologically confirmed adult-onset Alexander disease. Recently, heterozygous point(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify the clinical variability, including central nervous system (CNS) involvement, in X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We clinically, pathologically and genetically studied six CMTX patients with distinct symptoms and four different GJB1 mutations. RESULTS One patient with Val63Ile had deafness,(More)
We report a marked difference in concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) between serum and plasma in patients with Crow-Fukase syndrome (CFS). The serum/plasma VEGF levels in 4 CFS patients were 8,634/152, 5,203/176, 3,724/127, and 868/13 pg/ml, respectively. We also showed that platelets were a major source of this VEGF and that VEGF was(More)
We report a case of Crow-Fukase (POEMS) syndrome associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). In this case, the concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was extremely high in the serum, and the levels of IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and thiamine, which were thought in past reports to be mediators of PH in Crow-Fukase syndrome, were normal.(More)
To analyze the mechanism by which interferon (IFN)-alpha is effective against human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), we investigated the T cell phenotype and HTLV-I provirus load in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 25 patients with HAM/TSP that were obtained before and after(More)
A 26-year-old woman was admitted due to an altered mental status and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. She had experienced chronic migraine-like headaches, progressive bilateral hearing loss, a short stature and nephrotic syndrome. Laboratory data showed elevated lactate and pyruvate levels. Brain MRI using diffusion-weighted imaging revealed a(More)
Splice variants of CD44 molecule-harboring exon 10 (v6), often called v6 variants (v6v), are shown to confer tumor progressive, metastatic or invasive capacities. Furthermore, CD44 molecule on activated T-cells are shown to be required for infiltration of these cells into the inflammatory site and for accelerated immune response. Human T-cell lymphotropic(More)
A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of dysphagia and hoarseness that had persisted for five days. A neurological examination indicated bulbar palsy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed thickening of cranial nerves IX, X and XI, in addition to pineal body enlargement with diffuse contrast enhancement. A tumor biopsy overriding the(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchiolitis obliterans occurs in 30% to 80% of lung-transplant recipients and is a direct cause of death in more than 40% of patients with this complication. This study assessed the potential utility of measuring fibroblast-proliferative activity in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from lung-transplant recipients to better understand the(More)
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