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The bacterium Holospora obtusa is a macronuclear-specific symbiont of the ciliate Paramecium caudatum. H. obtusa-bearing paramecia could survive even after the cells were quickly heated from 25 degrees C to 35 degrees C. To determine whether infection with H. obtusa confers heat shock resistance on its host, we isolated genes homologous to the heat shock(More)
New strains of Paramecium quadecaurelia were found in Namibia, Africa. Previously, this species from the P. aurelia complex was known only from Australia, Emily Gap. Namibian strains were identified by mating reaction; their relationship with the Australian strain was studied by classical strain crosses (survival in F1 and F2 generations) and by comparison(More)
Centrioles, cilia, and flagella are ancestral conserved organelles of eukaryotic cells. Among the proteins identified in the proteomics of ciliary proteins in Paramecium, we focus here on a protein, Bug22p, previously detected by cilia and basal-body high-throughput studies but never analyzed per se. Remarkably, this protein is also present in plants, which(More)
The UV-B radiation contained in solar radiation has deleterious effects on plant growth, development and physiology. Specific damage to DNA caused by UV radiation involves the cyclobutyl pyrimidine dimers (CPD) and the pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photoproducts. CPDs are repaired by CPD photolyase via a UV-A/blue light-dependent mechanism. The gene for the(More)
The individual role of the outer dynein arm light chains in the molecular mechanisms of ciliary movements in response to second messengers, such as Ca(2+) and cyclic nucleotides, is unclear. We examined the role of the gene termed the outer dynein arm light chain 1 (LC1) gene of Paramecium tetraurelia (ODAL1), a homologue of the outer dynein arm LC1 gene of(More)
The bacterium Holospora is an endonuclear symbiont of the ciliate Paramecium. Previously, we reported that paramecia bearing the macronuclear-specific symbiont Holospora obtusa survived better than symbiont-free paramecia, even under high temperatures unsuitable for growth. The paramecia with symbionts expressed high levels of hsp70 mRNAs even at 25 degrees(More)
Little is known about the phylogeny of the family Vorticellidae at the generic level because few comprehensive analyses of molecular phylogenetic relationships between members of this group have, so far, been done. As a result, the phylogenetic positions of some genera that were based originally on morphological analyses remain controversial. In the present(More)
The morphospecies of the genus Paramecium have several mating type groups, so-called syngens, composed of cells of complementary mating types. The Paramecium aurelia complex is composed of 15 sibling species assigned to the species from the syngen. To increase our understanding of the evolutionary relationships among syngen and sibling species of the genus(More)
The symbiotic bacterium Holospora obtusa infects the macronucleus of the ciliate Paramecium caudatum. After ingestion by its host, an infectious form of Holospora with an electron-translucent tip passes through the host digestive vacuole and penetrates the macronuclear envelope with this tip. To investigate the underlying molecular mechanism of this(More)
We identified six genes of Paramecium caudatum, which differentially expressed in Holospora obtusa-bearing and H. obtusa-free cells using differential display reverse transcribed PCR (DDRT-PCR). Northern blot analyses revealed that two of the genes, CA10-3 and CA20-2, were expressed extensively in the H. obtusa-free cell, while the other four, AS16-1, CS14,(More)