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To determine osteoclastic bone resorption we established a simple assay system in which unfractionated cells obtained from femora of 13-day-old mice were cultured on a dentine slice and the number of osteoclasts and their induced pit area on the slices were measured. When the bone cells (1 x 10(5) cells/dentine slice) were cultured in the presence of(More)
Milk has more beneficial effects on bone health compared to other food sources. Recent in vitro and in vivo studies showed that milk whey protein, especially its basic protein fraction, contains several components capable of both promoting bone formation and inhibiting bone resorption. However, the effects of milk basic protein (MBP) on bone metabolism of(More)
The combined effects of dietary protein (casein, whey protein, or soy protein) and fat (safflower oil, perilla seed oil, or their mixed oil; linoleic acid/alpha-linolenic acid = 5.0) on several lipid parameters were studied in rats. Serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were lower in perilla seed oil groups irrespective of the protein sources. Liver(More)
BACKGROUND Dysregulated iron metabolism has been suspected to be linked to anemia of chronic disease and to cardiovascular disease (CVD). For the purpose of clarifying the factors affecting arterial stiffness, we evaluated the relationship between iron metabolism, brachial-ankle (ba)-pulse wave velocity (PWV) and several risk factors for CVD in maintenance(More)
Recent reports have shown that novel phosphate binders containing iron are not only efficacious for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia but also may reduce the need for erythropoiesis-stimulating agents and intravenous (IV) iron for anemia management in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Possible healthcare cost savings, which have not been(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) in Asian countries, including Japan, is classified into two types: conventional MS (C-MS), characterized mainly by cerebral lesions, and opticospinal MS (OS-MS) or neuromyelitis optica (NMO), characterized by selective involvement of the optic nerve and spinal cord. Recently, a serum immunoglobulin-G-antibody was discovered in(More)
The mortality in end-stage renal disease patients with dialysis remains high. Serum ferritin is a useful surrogated marker of iron storage. It has not been elucidated whether the ferritin level can predict the prognosis of patients with dialysis but without obvious inflammation. To clarify whether the ferritin level is involved in the prognosis in dialyzed(More)
Hemoglobin (Hb) cycling in patients with renal anemia might be associated with a higher mortality rate. We investigated the association of factors relating serum ferritin and dose of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) with Hb levels. We measured Hb and ferritin levels every month in 266 hemodialysis (HD) patients for 12 months. The standard deviation(More)
We studied the effects of whey protein (WP) from cow's milk on calcium and bone metabolism in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized and fed a low-calcium diet (0.03% Ca, 0.3% P) for 4 weeks. The OVX rats were divided into three groups and subjected to two experiments: Exp. 1, Cont group (20% casein, 0.3% Ca),(More)
Previously, dialysate contained small amounts of acetate as an alkaline buffer. Recently, acetate-free dialysate (A[-]D) has been available. We evaluated the clinical effect of A(-)D over acetate-containing dialysate (A(+)D) on acid-base balance, anemia, and nutritional status in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Twenty-nine patients on MHD were(More)