Mana Miyakoda

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One type of RNA editing involves the conversion of adenosine residues into inosine in double-stranded RNA through the action of adenosine deaminases acting on RNA (ADAR). A-to-I RNA editing of the coding sequence could result in synthesis of proteins not directly encoded in the genome. ADAR edits also non-coding sequences of target RNAs, such as introns and(More)
p53 protein is phosphorylated in response to various stresses. Here we examined phosphorylation of p53 protein in normal human diploid cells after heat shock at 43 degrees C for 2 h. We found that heat shock stimulates phosphorylation of p53 at Ser15 but not at Ser20, while X-irradiation at 4 Gy and 10 J/m(2) of UV induces phosphorylation of p53 at Ser15(More)
Cerebral malaria is one of the severe complications of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Studies using a rodent model of Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection established that CD8(+) T cells are involved in the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria. However, it is unclear whether and how Plasmodium-specific CD8(+) T cells can be activated during the erythrocyte stage(More)
Suzuki, K., Mori, I., Nakayama, Y., Miyakoda, M., Kodama, S. and Watanabe, M. Radiation-Induced Senescence-like Growth Arrest Requires TP53 Function but not Telomere Shortening. Normal human diploid cells irradiated with X rays showed permanent cell cycle arrest and exhibited senescence-like phenotypes including the expression of senescence-associated(More)
IRF4 is a transcription factor from the IRF factor family that plays pivotal roles in the differentiation and function of T and B lymphocytes. Although IRF4 is also expressed in dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, its roles in these cells in vivo are not clearly understood. In this study, conditional knockout mice that lack IRF4 in DCs or macrophages(More)
Normal human diploid cells and various human tumour cells were heat shocked at 43 degrees C for 2h and allowed to recover at 37 degrees C. It was found that heat shock treatment transiently disrupted the immunostaining of centrosomes, and no centrosome staining was detected in either normal or tumour cells 24h after heat shock. Staining recovered thereafter(More)
A promising strategy for the development of a malaria vaccine involves the use of attenuated whole parasites, as these present a greater repertoire of antigens to the immune system than subunit vaccines. The complexity of the malaria parasite's life cycle offers multiple stages on which to base an attenuated whole organism vaccine. An important(More)
Conditions required for establishing protective immune memory vary depending on the infecting microbe. Although the memory immune response against malaria infection is generally thought to be relatively slow to develop and can be lost rapidly, experimental evidence is insufficient. In this report, we investigated the generation, maintenance, and recall(More)
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 4 is a member of the IRF family of transcription factors and plays critical roles in the development of CD4(+) T cells into Th2 and Th17 cells. Using the infection model of Nippostrongyrus brasiliensis, we have confirmed the critical roles of IRF-4 in Th2 development in vivo by using IRF-4(-/-) BALB/c mice. However, naïve(More)
Following Anopheles mosquito-mediated introduction into a human host, Plasmodium parasites infect hepatocytes and undergo intensive replication. Accumulating evidence indicates that CD8(+) T cells induced by immunization with attenuated Plasmodium sporozoites can confer sterile immunity at the liver stage of infection; however, the mechanisms underlying(More)