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The birthdates of GABAergic amacrine cells in the rat retina were investigated by immunocytochemistry using anti-GABA and anti-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) antisera. The ratio of co-localization of GABA to BrdU increased gradually from embryonic-day 13 (E13) and showed a peak value on E18 in the central retina and on E20 in the periphery. After birth, until(More)
Using light microscopy and immunocytochemistry, we investigated the morphological changes of retinal tissues and the reaction of Müller cells in the ischemic rat retina induced by increasing intraocular pressure. At early stages (from 1 h to 24 h after reperfusion), cells in the ganglion cell layer and in the inner nuclear layer showed some degenerative(More)
To investigate a potential role of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in transient global ischemia, we have studied the postischemic regulatory changes in the expression of CNTF and its receptor, the ligand-binding alpha-subunit (CNTFRalpha). Immunoblot analysis demonstrated CNTF levels were slightly upregulated already during the first day after ischemia(More)
The synaptic connectivity between rod bipolar cells and GABAergic neurons in the inner plexiform layer (IPL) of the rat retina was studied using two immunocytochemical markers. Rod bipolar cells were stained with an antibody specific for protein kinase C (PKC, alpha isoenzyme), and GABAergic neurons were stained with an antiserum specific for glutamic-acid(More)
The fate of calbindin D28k (calbindin)-labeled horizontal cells in the ischemic rat retina induced by increasing intraocular pressure was investigated by immunocytochemistry using an antiserum against calbindin. In the normal retina, strong calbindin-like immunoreactivity was seen in the horizontal cells, and the density of the labelled horizontal cells was(More)
We have investigated the expression and cellular localization of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in the rat retina following ischemia induced by transiently increasing the intraocular pressure. In the normal retina, CNTF immunoreactivity was restricted to profiles in the ganglion cell layer. Following ischemia and reperfusion, immunoreactivity appeared(More)
There is evidence that ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is involved in reactive changes following lesions of the nervous system. To investigate, whether differences in the regulation of CNTF and CNTF receptor alpha (CNTFRalpha) contribute to the differences in PNS and CNS responses to injury, we have studied their expression on the mRNA and protein level(More)
Examining the distribution of osteopontin (OPN) in the rat brain using in situ hybridization, it was found that OPN mRNA was restricted to likely neurons in the olfactory bulb and the brain stem; it was not detected in the telencephalon and the diencephalon. In addition, Northern blot analysis showed a confined expression only in the brain stem with higher(More)
Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization, we investigated the expression and cellular localization of ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor alpha (CNTFRalpha) in the rat retina following optic nerve transection (ONT). Following ONT, a signal for CNTFRalpha mRNA appeared in a layer-specific and time-dependent manner. In(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) is one of the intracellular signal transduction enzymes and plays an important role in a variety of cellular functions. We investigated the distribution of PLD isozyme, PLD1 in the rat brain and spinal cord using an immunological approach. Western blot analysis showed the presence of PLD1 protein in all tissues studied, with(More)