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Using combined intracellular recordings and behavioral bioassays, it was found that lysozyme has two different effects in Paramecium, depending upon the concentrations used. At low concentrations (0.5 nm to 1.0 μm) it acts as an effective chemorepellent that causes reliable electrophysiological changes. Lysozyme-induced somatic depolarizations, isolated by(More)
We investigated whether substance P modulates pacemaker currents generated in cultured interstitial cells of Cajal of murine small intestine using whole cell patch-clamp techniques at 30 degrees C. Interstitial cells of Cajal generated spontaneous inward currents (pacemaker currents) at a holding potential of -70 mV. Tetrodotoxin, nifedipine,(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide (HCN) channels are pacemaker channels that regulate heart rate and neuronal rhythm in spontaneously active cardiac and neuronal cells. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are also spontaneously active pacemaker cells in the gastrointestinal tract. Here, we investigated the existence of HCN channel and its role on(More)
The pigment cell dependent accumulation of 3H(-)-norepinephrine (1 μmol/l) was studied in rabbit irides. Albino irides served as controls. Neuronal uptake, deamination and O-methylation of 3H(-)-norepinephrine were reduced by desipramine, pargyline and U-0521, respectively. 1. Both albino and pigmented irides accumulated the catecholamine from the(More)
1. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are pacemaker cells that activate the periodic spontaneous inward currents (pacemaker currents) responsible for the production of slow waves in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. The effects of noradrenaline on the pacemaker currents in cultured ICCs from murine small intestine were investigated by using whole-cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces intestinal dysmotility by alteration of smooth muscle and enteric neuronal activities. However, there is no report on the modulatory effects of LPS on the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). We investigated the effect of LPS and its signal transduction in ICCs. METHODS We performed whole-cell patch(More)
The effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on pacemaker currents in cultured interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) from the mouse small intestine were investigated using the whole-cell patch clamp technique at 30 degrees . Under voltage clamping at a holding potential of -70 mV, CGRP decreased the amplitude and frequency of pacemaker currents and(More)
We investigated the role of nitric oxide (NO) in pacemaker activity and signal mechanisms in cultured interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) of the mouse small intestine using whole cell patch-clamp techniques at 30°C. ICC generated pacemaker potential in the current clamp mode and pacemaker currents at a holding potential of –70 mV.(More)
In this study, we studied whether hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has an effect on the pacemaker activity of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC), in the small intestine of mice. The actions of H(2)S on pacemaker activity were investigated using whole-cell patch-clamp technique, intracellular Ca(2+) analysis at 30 and RT-PCR in cultured mouse intestinal ICC.(More)
In this study we determined whether or not 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) has an effect on the pacemaker activities of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) from the mouse small intestine. The actions of 5-HT on pacemaker activities were investigated using a whole-cell patch-clamp technique, intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) analysis, and RT-PCR in ICC.(More)