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Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion has been identified to be a risk factor for cognitive decline in aging, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. Substantial evidence has shown that chronic cerebral hypoperfusion may cause cognitive impairment, but the underlying neurobiological mechanism is poorly understood so far. In this study, we used a rat model of(More)
Ethanol is a general anesthetic agent as defined by abolition of movement in response to noxious stimulation. This anesthetic endpoint is due to spinal anesthetic actions. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ethanol acts directly on motor neurons to inhibit excitatory synaptic transmission at glutamate receptors. Whole cell recordings were(More)
1. Current and voltage recordings were made from antidromically identified motoneurones (MNs) in transverse thoracolumbar spinal cord slices of neonatal rats. 2. Applied by superfusion (10-100 microM) or pressure ejection, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) elicited a slow depolarization (or inward current) in 81% and a hyperpolarization (or outward current) in 9%(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the efficacy of metformin for treatment of antipsychotic-induced weight gain. METHODS Seventy-two patients with first-episode schizophrenia who gained more than 7% of their predrug weight were randomly assigned to receive 1000 mg/d of metformin or placebo in addition to their ongoing treatment for 12 weeks using a double-blind study(More)
Cryopreservation has been recognized as a practical and efficient tool for long-term storage of vegetatively propagated plants. This study was conducted to investigate effects of modified vitrification techniques on cryopreservation of potato. In vitro plants of potato cultivars "Superior" and "Atlantic" were cold acclimated, and axillary buds were(More)
Polyploidization results in genome duplication and is an important step in evolution and speciation. The Malus genome confirmed that this genus was derived through auto-polyploidization, yet the genetic and meiotic mechanisms for polyploidization, particularly for aneuploidization, are unclear in this genus or other woody perennials. In fact the(More)
Chlorophylls (Chls) are crucial for capturing light energy for photosynthesis. Although several genes responsible for Chl biosynthesis were characterized in rice (Oryza sativa), the genetic properties of the hydrogenating enzyme involved in the final step of Chl synthesis remain unknown. In this study, we characterized a rice light-induced yellow leaf 1-1(More)
In a study of the etiological factors in esophageal cancer, Roussin red methyl ester was isolated and identified in pickled vegetables of Linxian County, North China, where there is a high incidence of esophageal cancer. In this paper, a method is described for quantitative analysis of Roussin red methyl ester in pickled vegetables by gas(More)
A recent epidemiological survey in China showed that there is a regional distribution of esophageal cancer and a correlation between mortality for this cancer and environmental factors, especially the consumption of pickled vegetables. A series of experimental studies with pickled vegetable extract were done using different in vitro biological systems. The(More)
Male mice were given drinking water alone or containing 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5g/L Pb acetate for 60 days. After the treatment, the concentrations of Pb were determined in the serum and testis of mice by ICP-MS. The gene transcription of Usp9y, Ddx3y and Uty and their protein levels in the testis were examined by real-time PCR, Western blotting and(More)