Man Sun

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Fuzhisan (FZS), a Chinese herbal complex prescription, has been used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) for more than 15 years. Previous studies showed that FZS enhanced the cognitive ability in AD patients and AD model rats. FZS modulated the impaired cellular functions, and attenuated the damage caused by beta-amyloid protein, dose-dependently(More)
by the migration mechanisms of ecosystems, various extensions to biogeography-based optimization (BBO) are proposed. BBO is an original optimization method based on the mathematical model of organism distribution in biological systems. BBO is an evolutionary process that achieves information sharing by species migration. This paper generalizes the(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) promotes the survival and differentiation of hippocampal, cortical, and basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. However, the efficacy of BDNF via peripheral (i.v.) administration is limited by the lack of transport of the neurotrophin through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vivo. The present study describes that the(More)
Much evidence indicates that the memory and cognitive deficits of patients with Alzheimer's disease are closely associated with dysfunction of central cholinergic system. The degree of reduction of choline acetyltransferase activity in cerebral cholinergic neurons is significantly correlated with the severity of dementia or cognitive impairments observed in(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase (tyrosine 3-monooxygenase, EC, TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of catecholamine neurotransmitters, dopamine (DA), noradrenaline (NE), and adrenaline, in the neurons. The regulated activity of TH is thought to play a critical role in modulating the functional activity of catecholaminergic neuronal systems in(More)
Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes encode for alpha/beta chain pairs that are constitutively expressed principally on mature B cells and dendritic cells in mice. These gene products are easily induced on macrophages with cytokines, and may also aberrantly appear on the surface of epithelium during immune injury. The appearance of class II(More)
Path-finding consumes a significant amount of resources, especially in movement-intensive games such as (massively) multiplayer games. We investigate several path-finding techniques, and explore the impact on performance of workloads derived from real player movements in a multiplayer game. We find that a map-conforming, hierarchical path-finding strategy(More)
Metastasis-associated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1) is a newly identified gene that has been shown to promote tumor cell invasion and metastasis. The present study investigated the effect of MACC1 downregulation on the biological characteristics of the ovarian cancer OVCAR3 cell line. In this study, MACC1 expression was blocked using the RNA interference(More)
Although there is possibility of cognitive disturbance in aging people, many of them live for long life and enjoy well-functioning brain during the whole life-span. The biological basis of longevity is unknown. In this study, we investigated the influence of aging on hippocampal neural stem cells (NSCs), and the correlations between hippocampal neurogenesis(More)