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OBJECTIVES Inflammatory cytokines are implicated in the pathophysiology of both stroke and depression, and their production is influenced by the transcriptional activity of particular gene polymorphisms. We hypothesised that alleles related to higher pro-inflammatory and/or lower anti-inflammatory cytokine production would be associated with post-stroke(More)
We aimed to elucidate whether the eNOS T-786C mutant allele is implicated in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) susceptibility or vasospasm after SAH, and whether the mutant allele is differentially expressed in those with small and large ruptured aneurysms in Korean population. 136 consecutive patients diagnosed with aneurismal SAH and 113 controls were(More)
BACKGROUND Human infection with Streptococcus suis (S. suis), a zoonotic pathogen, has been reported mainly in pig-rearing and pork-consuming countries. Meningitis is the most-common clinical manifestation and is often associated with deafness and vestibular dysfunction. CASE REPORT A 57-year-old man was referred to the hospital with headaches, fevers,(More)
Familial hypokalemic periodic paralysis is an autosomal-dominant disorder with features of both genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. Mutation screening was performed on Korean hypokalemic periodic paralysis patients to locate the corresponding mutations and to specify the clinical features associated with the mutations. Target-exon PCR, direct sequencing,(More)
Astrocytes become reactive after central nervous system injury, re-expressing glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and nestin. Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor alpha (HIF-1α) is an important transcription factor for several genes including the VEGF and nestin genes, the expression of which generate(More)
BACKGROUND Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to play an important role in poststroke recovery. BDNF secretion is influenced by genetic and epigenetic profiles. This study aimed to investigate whether BDNF val66met polymorphism and promoter methylation status were associated with outcomes at two weeks and one year after stroke. (More)
18F-FDG PET/CT can acquire both anatomical and functional images in a single session. We investigated which factors of 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging have potential as biomarkers for an increased risk of ischaemic stroke in cancer patients. From among cancer patients presenting with various neurological symptoms and hemiparesis, 134 were selected as eligible for(More)
Non-contrast enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) is usually performed to estimate bleeding complications immediately after procedures. However, hyperdense areas on NCCT have not yet been understood; different interpretations have been reported in the literature. It remains unclear whether NCCT performed immediately after intra-arterial revascularization(More)
INTRODUCTION This study aimed to compare screening properties of four assessment scales for poststroke depression (PSD) at 2 weeks and 1 year after index stroke, and investigated factors contributing to misclassification. METHODS A total of 423 patients were evaluated 2 weeks after stroke and 288 (68%) were followed 1 year later, and were diagnosed as(More)
BACKGROUND Mood disorder is a frequent complication of stroke. Comorbid depressive and anxiety disorders are very common, indicating that it is advisable to assess both disorders at the same time. The aim of the present study was to examine the prevalence of post-stroke depression (PSD) and poststroke anxiety (PSA) at baseline and to evaluate factors(More)