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—Teleconferencing systems employ acoustic echo can-celers to reduce echoes that result from coupling between the loudspeaker and microphone. To enhance the sound realism, two-channel audio is necessary. However, in this case (stereophonic sound) the acoustic echo cancellation problem is more difficult to solve because of the necessity to uniquely identify(More)
High quality speech at low bit rates (e.g., 2400 bits/s) is one of the important objectives of current speech research. As part of long range activity on this problem, we have developed an efficient computer program that will serve as a tool for investigating whether articulatory speech synthesis may achieve this low bit rate. At a sampling frequency of 8(More)
This paper reviews methods for mapping from the acoustical properties of a speech signal to the geometry of the vocal tract that generated the signal. Such mapping techniques are studied for their potential application in speech synthesis, coding , and recognition. Mathematically, the estimation of the vocal tract shape from its output speech is a so-called(More)
In this article we will describe our recent experiments on the estimation of vocal tract area functions from transient acoustical measurements at the lips. Since the theoretical basis for such measurements has been discussed in several earlier publications we will concentrate on the measurement technique and the numerical procedures used to estimate the(More)
In this paper we report on a new method of solving a previous derived, two-dimensional model, integral equation for basilar membrane (BM) motion. The method uses a recursive algorithm for the solution of an initial-value problem in the time domain, combined with a fast Fourier transform (FFT) convolution in the space domain at each time step. Thus, the(More)