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The mechanism by which the 8q24 MYC enhancer region, including cancer-associated variant rs6983267, increases cancer risk is unknown due to the lack of protein-coding genes at 8q24.21. Here we report the identification of long noncoding RNAs named cancer-associated region long noncoding RNAs (CARLos) in the 8q24 region. The expression of one of the long(More)
Here, we examined the role of ADAM10 during retinal cell differentiation in retinal sections and in vitro cultures of developing chick retinal cells from embryonic day 6 (ED6). Immunohistochemistry showed that ADAM10 is abundantly expressed in the inner zone of neuroblastic layer at ED5, and it becomes more highly expressed in the ganglion cell layer at ED7(More)
The blood compatibility of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-grafted and heparin (Hep) immobilized polyurethanes was investigated using in vitro plasma recalcification time (PRT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), platelet adhesion and activation, and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) adhesion and activation. In the experiment with plasma(More)
Poly(ethylene terephthalate)(PET) film was exposed to oxygen plasma glow discharge to produce peroxides on its surfaces. These peroxides were then used as catalysts for the polymerization of acrylic acid (AA) in order to prepare a carboxylic acid group-introduced PET (PET-AA). Insulin and heparin co-immobilized PET (PET-I-H) was prepared by the grafting of(More)
In the present study, we report a new method of manganese enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) using intratympanic (IT) manganese administration. We explore Mn²⁺ uptake from the middle ear cavity into the cochlea through mechanically gated ion channels of the hair cell and also functional auditory tract tracing without the use of excessive auditory(More)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of conditioned media (CM) collected from human amniotic fluid-derived stem cells (hAFSCs) on in vitro wound healing and on expression change of MMP-1 and procollagen 1A by ultra-violet A (UVA) irradiation. The conditioned media (CM) were collected from hAFSCs cultured with DMEM/F-12 serum free media.(More)
PURPOSE The current study was done to determine the role of lipocalin-2 (LCN2) in the pathogenesis of demyelinating optic neuritis using an experimental autoimmune optic neuritis (EAON) model. METHODS The EAON was induced by subcutaneous immunization with an emulsified mixture of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG35-55) peptide in mice. The LCN2(More)
Inhibition of osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption is a therapeutic strategy for the management of postmenopausal bone loss. This study investigated the effects of Rhus javanica (R. javanica) extracts on bone marrow cultures to develop agents from natural sources that may prevent osteoclastogenesis. Extracts of R. javanica (eGr) cocoons spun by(More)
In this study, temporal and spatial distribution of three TGF-beta isoforms and their downstream signaling pathways including pSmad2 and p38MAPK were examined during fibrotic wound repair. In normal chick corneas, TGF-beta1, -2, and -3 were weakly detected in Bowman's layer (BL). In healing corneas, TGF-beta1 was primarily deposited in the fibrin clot and(More)
Tissue remodeling is central to embryonic development. Here, we used immunohistochemistry, Western blotting, and RT-PCR analysis to investigate the roles of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and the related "a disintegrin and metalloproteinase" (ADAM) family proteinases in chick corneal development. While MMP-13 was expressed in developing chick corneas from(More)