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BACKGROUND A sustained virological response (SVR) rate of 41% has been achieved with interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin therapy of chronic hepatitis C. In this randomised trial, peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin was compared with interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin. METHODS 1530 patients with chronic hepatitis C were assigned interferon alfa-2b (3 MU(More)
BACKGROUND Only 15 to 20 percent of patients with chronic hepatitis C have a sustained virologic response to interferon therapy. We compared the efficacy and safety of recombinant interferon alfa-2b alone with those of a combination of interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin for the initial treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS We randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Interferon alfa is the only effective treatment for patients with chronic hepatitis C. Forty percent of patients have an initial response to this therapy, but most subsequently relapse. We compared the effect of interferon alone with that of interferon plus oral ribavirin for relapses of chronic hepatitis C. METHODS We studied 345 patients with(More)
UNLABELLED Randomized trials have shown the enhancement of efficacy with interferon alfa-2b and ribavirin (IFN-R) in comparison with interferon monotherapy (IFN) as first line treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Further definition of response based on disease, patient, and treatment characteristics is needed to determine the degree of benefit for the various(More)
OBJECTIVE Initial therapy with ribavirin and interferon alpha-2b results in a higher sustained virological response than interferon alone, but this regimen is expensive. We aimed to examine the cost-effectiveness of 24- or 48-wk initial treatment with combination therapy versus interferon alone for patients who have chronic hepatitis C. METHODS Data from(More)
The cDNA and genomic DNA of three novel toxins from the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch that are active on K(+) channels, designated BmKTX (where KTX is kaliotoxin), BmTX1 and BmTX2, were cloned and sequenced. On the basis of their known amino acid sequences, gene-specific primers for 3' and 5' rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) were designed and(More)
Two trypsin inhibitor components of the squash family were isolated and purified from the juice of the towel gourd (Luffa cylindrica) using anhydrotrypsin affinity chromatography followed by high pressure liquid chromatography. The inhibitors were sequenced and found to consist of 28 and 29 amino acid residues. The determined sequences show high similarity(More)
The gene encoding a neurotoxin (BmK M1) from the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae at a high level with the alcohol dehydrogenase promoter. SDS-PAGE of the culture confirmed expression and showed secretion into medium from yeast. Recombinant BmK M1 was purified rapidly and efficiently by ion exchange and gel(More)
The full-length cDNA of an excitatory insect selective neurotoxin was amplified from total cDNAs of venomous glands of the scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch (BmK) using the 3'RACE and 5'RACE (rapid amplification of cDNA ends, RACE) method and sequenced. The cDNA encoded a precursor of the insect toxin of 88 amino acid residues, including a signal peptide of(More)
The cDNA library of venomous glands of the scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch (BmK) was constructed. A cDNA encoding a mammalian neurotoxin corresponding to the known alpha-type toxin, BmK M1, was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and cloned, and its full-length sequence was determined. The open reading frame encoded the precursor of BmK M1 with 84(More)