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The increased use of nano-sized metallic materials is likely to result in the release of these particles into the environment. It is, however, unclear if these materials are harmful to aquatic animals. Furthermore, because the dissolution of such nanomaterials will occur, it is probable that some of the adverse effects resulting will result from the(More)
An electrochemical detection method for chemical sensing has been developed using a DNA aptamer immobilized gold electrode chip. DNA aptamers specifically binding to 17beta-estradiol were selected by the SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment) process from a random ssDNA library, composed of approximately 7.2 x 10(14) DNA(More)
The expression levels of cytochrome P450 1A, p53 and vitellogenin were investigated in three different tissues of male medaka fish after exposure to diclofenac that is one of the main concerns among pharmaceuticals frequently found in sewage treatment plant (STP) effluents. The results showed that cytochrome P450 1A, p53 and vitellogenin were highly(More)
Compared to yeast esterase, fungal cutinase degraded butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP) far more efficiently; i.e., almost 60% of the BBP disappeared within 7.5 h. Also, the final chemical composition significantly depended on the enzyme used. Toxicity monitoring using bioluminescent bacteria showed that butyl methyl phthalate, a major product of degradation by(More)
In order to investigate the relationship between radiation dose-rate and bacterial DNA damage as well as general cellular toxicity, two recombinant Escherichia coli strains, DPD2794 and GC2 were used. Following gamma-ray irradiation, these bioluminescent bacteria showed quantitative stress responses in terms of DNA damage and general toxicity depending on(More)
Silver ions have been widely used as disinfectants that inhibit bacterial growth by inhibiting the essential enzymatic functions of the microorganism via interaction with the thiol-group of l-cysteine. However, silver-ion-mediated perturbation of the bacterial respiratory chain has raised the possibility of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. We used(More)
An electrochemical aptasensor was developed for the detection of tetracycline using ssDNA aptamer that selectively binds to tetracycline as recognition element. The aptamer was highly selective for tetracycline which distinguishes minor structural changes on other tetracycline derivatives. The biotinylated ssDNA aptamer was immobilized on a(More)
A new oxidative stress-responsive bacterial biosensor was constructed using the promoter of the pgi gene fused to the luxCDABE reporter. This strain (PGRFM) responded in a dose-dependent manner to methyl viologen (MV), a model redox chemical that results in oxidative stress. The responses of strain PGRFM to redox chemicals was strongly dependent on the(More)
A high throughput toxicity monitoring and classification biosensor system has been successfully developed using four immobilized bioluminescent Escherichia coli strains, DPD2511, DPD2540, DPD2794 and TV1061, which have plasmids bearing a fusion of a specific promoter to the luxCDABE operon. The bioluminescence of DPD2511 increases in the presence of(More)
Microorganisms capable of degrading carbofuran were isolated from soils and examined for the degradation of this pesticide at ring structure. An isolate that could degrade carbofuran and carbofuran-7-phenol was selected for further studies. The 16S rRNA analysis results showed that the isolate belongs to the genus of Sphingomonas, close to dioxin and(More)