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Two unidentified soluble carbohydrates were isolated from chrysanthemum (Dendranthema x grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitamura) leaves using HPLC. The compounds were identified as 1 L-chiro-inositol, called L-inositol (1) and scyllo-inositol, called scyllitol (2) from the results of 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and CI-MS spectra. L-Inositol and scyllitol were distributed in(More)
Free sialylglycans (FSGs) and a sialylglycopeptide (SGP) as components of hen's egg yolk were found and their chemical structures were determined. SGP and FSGs were isolated from fresh egg yolk by treatment with phenol, gel filtration and successive chromatographies on columns of anion- and cation-exchangers. They were localized in the yolk plasma. The(More)
Proteoglycans (PGs) are composed of a protein moiety and a complex glycosaminoglycan (GAG) polysaccharide moiety. GAG chains are responsible for various biological activities. GAG chains are covalently attached to serine residues of the core protein. The first step in PG biosynthesis is xylosylation of certain serine residues of the core protein. A specific(More)
We isolated eight phenolic constituents from Fragaria ananassa Duch. (strawberry) and determined their structures using 1D, 2D-NMR. Among the isolated compounds, linocinnamarin (LN), 1-O-trans-cinnamoyl-beta-d-glucopyranose (CG), and cinnamic acid (CA) exhibited antigen (Ag)-stimulated degranulation in rat basophilic leukemia RBL-2H3 cells. In order to(More)
A novel sialylphospholipid (SPL) was synthesized from N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) by a chemical and enzymatic method and evaluated as an inhibitor of rotavirus. PC and 1,8-octanediol were conjugated by transesterification reaction of Streptomyces phospholipase D (PLD) under a water-chloroform biphasic system to afford(More)
Microglia are the prime effector cells involved in immune and inflammatory responses in the central nervous system (CNS). In pathological conditions, microglia are activated to restore CNS homeostasis. However, chronic microglial activation endangers neuronal survival through the release of various toxic proinflammatory molecules. Thus, negative regulators(More)
The flavone 4',5,7-trihydroxy-3',5'-dimethoxyflavone (tricin) present in rice, oats, barley, and wheat exhibits antigrowth activity in several human cancer cell lines and anti-inflammatory potential. However, the chemopreventive activity has not yet been elucidated in preclinical animal models of colorectal cancer. This study was designed to determine(More)
Luteolin (1), a natural product occurring in many vegetables and fruits, is known to have several biological activities. Cluster for differentiation (CD) families, such as CD11b, -14, and -36, are expressed during pathological processes of atherosclerosis and are used broadly as markers of monocytic differentiation into macrophages. Herein, it was(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by endothelial cells and macrophages play important roles in atherogenesis because they promote the formation of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL). Extracellular-superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is mainly produced by vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), is secreted into the extracellular space, and protects cells(More)