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Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) have been generated from somatic cells by introducing reprogramming factors. Integration of foreign genes into the host genome is a technical hurdle for the clinical application. Here, we show that Sendai virus (SeV), an RNA virus and carries no risk of altering host genome, is an efficient solution for generating safe(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) represent a unique opportunity for regenerative medicine because they offer the prospect of generating unlimited quantities of cells for autologous transplantation, with potential application in treatments for a broad range of disorders. However, the use of human iPSCs in the context of genetically inherited(More)
Tomohisa Seki,1,7 Shinsuke Yuasa,1,2,7 Mayumi Oda,2 Toru Egashira,1 Kojiro Yae,1 Dai Kusumoto,1 Hikari Nakata,1 Shugo Tohyama,1 Hisayuki Hashimoto,1 Masaki Kodaira,1 Yohei Okada,2,3 Hiroyuki Seimiya,4 Noemi Fusaki,5,6 Mamoru Hasegawa,5 and Keiichi Fukuda1,* 1Department of Cardiology 2Center for Integrated Medical Research 3Department of Physiology Keio(More)
After the first report of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), considerable efforts have been made to develop more efficient methods for generating iPSCs without foreign gene insertions. Here we show that Sendai virus vector, an RNA virus vector that carries no risk of integrating into the host genome, is a practical solution for the efficient generation(More)
Excessive production of airway mucus is a cardinal feature of bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and contributes to morbidity and mortality in these diseases. IL-13, a Th2-type cytokine, is a central mediator in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma, including mucus overproduction. Using a genome-wide search for genes induced(More)
Photoreceptor apoptosis is a critical process of retinal degeneration in retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a group of retinal degenerative diseases that result from rod and cone photoreceptor cell death and represent a major cause of adult blindness. We previously demonstrated the efficient prevention of photoreceptor apoptosis by intraocular gene transfer of(More)
Sprouty and the Sprouty-related protein, Spred (Sprouty-related Ena/vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein homology-1 (EVH1) domain-containing protein), inhibit Ras-dependent extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling induced by a variety of growth factors. Since Sprouty proteins have been shown to inhibit not only ERK activation but also cell(More)
We previously demonstrated the excellent protective efficacy of DNA priming followed by Gag-expressing Sendai virus (SeV) boosting (DNA prime/SeV-Gag boost vaccine) against a pathogenic simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV89.6PD) infection in macaques. Here we show that we established a practical, safer AIDS vaccine protocol, a single DNA priming(More)
Discovery of the common and ubiquitous molecular targets for the disruption of angiogenesis, that are independent of the characteristics of malignant tumors, is desired to develop the more effective antitumor drugs. In this study, we propose that the platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRalpha)-p70S6K signal transduction pathway in mesenchymal(More)
Diabetic foot is caused by microangiopathy and is suggested to be a result of impaired angiogenesis. Using a severe hindlimb ischemia model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice (STZ-DM), we show that diabetic foot is a disease solely of the disturbance of platelet-derived growth factor B-chain homodimer (PDGF-BB) expression but not responses of(More)