Mamoru Hasegawa

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Recently, encouraging AIDS vaccine trials in macaques have implicated cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) in the control of the simian human immunodeficiency virus SHIV89.6P that induces acute CD4(+) T cell depletion. However, none of these vaccine regimens have been successful in the containment of replication of the pathogenic simian immunodeficiency viruses(More)
The therapeutic effect of a novel RNA viral vector, Sendai virus (SeV)-mediated glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) gene (SeV/GDNF), on the infarct volume, was investigated after 90 minutes of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in rats with relation to nuclear translocation of apoptosis inducing factor (AIF). The topical(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in maintaining the immune system. Though DC-based cancer immunotherapy has been suggested as a potential treatment for various kinds of malignancies, its clinical efficacies are still insufficient in many human trials. Issues that limit the clinical efficacy of DC-based immunotherapy, as well as the difficulty of(More)
BACKGROUND Limitations of the clinical efficacy of dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy, as well as difficulties in their industrial production, are largely related to the limited number of autologous DCs from each patient. We here established a possible breakthrough, a simple and cytokine-based culture method to realize a log-scale order of functional(More)
Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) are one of the most promising stem cell populations that differentiate into the mesodermal as well as neural lineages in vitro. In this study, we examined the neural differentiating potential of human ASCs by a neurosphere culture method. Neurospheres derived from human ASCs expressed Nestin and Musashi-1 genes, which(More)
Alzheimer's disease is characterized by progressive loss of cognitive function due to amyloid-l (Al) deposits in the central nervous system. Based on the amyloid cascade theory, many reports indicated that immunotherapy is effective for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. We developed a mucosal immunotherapy for Alzheimer's disease via oral vaccine with(More)
Dvl, an important component of the Wnt signalling pathway, is thought to be involved in synaptogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether Dvl regulates neurotransmitter release. Knockdown of Dvl in PC12 cells suppressed K(+)-induced dopamine release, and this phenotype was restored by expression of Dvl-1. We identified synaptotagmin (Syt) I, which is(More)
In polarized epithelial cells, agonists trigger Ca2+ waves and oscillations. These patterns may be caused by the compartmentalization of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive Ca2+ pools into specific regions. We have investigated the relationship between the distribution of IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) and the spatiotemporal pattern of Ca2+ signaling in the(More)
Several major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) alleles are associated with lower viral loads and slower disease progression in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infections. Immune-correlates analyses in these MHC-I-related HIV/SIV controllers would lead to elucidation of the mechanism for viral control.(More)
We injected a recombinant Sendai virus (SeV) vector into the guinea pig cochlea using two different approaches--the scala media and scala tympani--and investigated which cell types took up the vector. The hearing threshold shift and distribution of transfected cells in animals using the scala media approach were different compared to those using the scala(More)