Mamoru Carlos Yamada

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The cloning of two novel genes that encode cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX) in barley is described in this work. Transformation of both genes into Arabidopsis and tobacco showed that at least one of the genes codes for a functional enzyme, as its expression caused a cytokinin-deficient phenotype in the heterologous host plants. Additional cloning of(More)
We demonstrate herein the ability of Kluyveromyces marxianus to be an efficient ethanol producer and host for expressing heterologous proteins as an alternative to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Growth and ethanol production by strains of K. marxianus and S. cerevisiae were compared under the same conditions. K. marxianus DMKU3-1042 was found to be the most(More)
Four genes encoding alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) isozymes in the thermotolerant yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus, a potent candidate for ethanol production at high temperatures, were investigated. Of these, KmADH3 and KmADH4 were cloned and sequenced, and their deduced amino acid sequences were compared with those of KmAdh1 and KmAdh2 and other Adhs of(More)
Different pleiotropic transcriptional regulators are known to function in the coordination of regulons concerned with carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus and iron metabolism, but how expression profiles of these different regulons are coordinated with each other is not known. The basis for the effects of cysB mutations on carbon utilization in Escherichia(More)
Acetobacter tropicalis SKU1100 produces a pellicle polysaccharide, consisting of galactose, glucose and rhamnose, which attaches to the cell surface. This strain forms two types of colony on agar plates: a rough-surfaced colony (R strain) and a mucoid smooth-surfaced colony (S strain). The R strain forms a pellicle, allowing it to float on the medium(More)
Zymomonas mobilis ZmCytC as a peroxidase bearing three heme c-binding motifs was investigated with ΔZmcytC constructed. The mutant exhibited filamentous shapes and reduction in growth under a shaking condition at a high temperature compared to the parental strain and became hypersensitive to exogenous H(2)O(2). Under the same condition, the mutation caused(More)
The molecular mechanism supporting survival at a critical high temperature (CHT) in Escherichia coli was investigated. Genome-wide screening with a single-gene knockout library provided a list of genes indispensable for growth at 47°C, called thermotolerant genes. Genes for which expression was affected by exposure to CHT were identified by DNA chip(More)
Kluyveromyces marxianus possesses a useful potential to assimilate a wide variety of substrates at a high temperature, but the negative effect by coexisting glucose is critical for utilization of biomass containing various sugars. Such a negative effect on the activity of inulinase, which is the sole enzyme to hydrolyze sucrose, raffinose and inulin, has(More)
Membrane-bound glucose dehydrogenase (mGDH) in Escherichia coli is one of the pivotal pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ)-containing quinoproteins coupled with the respiratory chain in the periplasmic oxidation of alcohols and sugars in Gram-negative bacteria. We compared mGDH with other PQQ-dependent quinoproteins in molecular structure and attempted to trace(More)
To study the effects of polyphenols on the Na(+)/glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) response, SGLT1 was expressed in Xenopus oocytes by injecting cRNA synthesized from the cloned cDNA of the small intestine cotransporter of rats, and the electrical response elicited by glucose or galactose was measured by a voltage clamping method. Most phenol derivatives had no(More)