Mamitaro Ohtsuki

Learn More
IFN-lambda 1, -lambda 2 and -lambda 3 have been discovered as the latest members of the class II cytokine family and shown to possess antiviral activity. Murine B16 melanoma and Colon26 cancer cells were transduced with mouse IFN-lambda to determine whether IFN-lambda possesses antitumor activity. Overexpression of IFN-lambda induced cell surface MHC class(More)
We investigated the inhibitory effects of a novel amphiphilic ascorbic derivative, disodium isostearyl 2-O-L-ascorbyl phosphate (VCP-IS-2Na), synthesized from a hydrophilic ascorbic derivative, sodium-2-O-L-ascorbyl phosphate (VCP-Na), on melanogenesis in cultured human melanoma cells, normal human melanocytes, and three-dimensional cultured human skin(More)
IL-33, a member of the IL-1 family, is implicated in type 2 T helper cell immune reactions and acts as an "alarmin" to induce activation of dendritic cells in response to external stimuli. We investigated the effect of inflammatory cytokines on IL-33 expression in normal human epidermal keratinocytes. IFN-γ dose- and time-dependently induced IL-33(More)
BACKGROUND Repetitive exposure of the skin to UVA radiation elicits sagging more frequently than wrinkling, which is mainly attributed to its biochemical mechanism to up-regulate the expression of matrix-metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and skin fibroblast elastase (SFE)/neutral endopeptidase (NEP), respectively. OBJECTIVE In this study, we examined the effects(More)
Topical vitamin D3 has relatively recently been introduced for the treatment of psoriasis. Synthetic vitamin D3 analogues with a high potential for inducing differentiation of cells, but with a low hypercalcemic effect have recently been developed. One such synthetic analogue of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol), 22-oxacalcitriol (OCT), is a novel agent(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin (IL)-33 is a dual functional, IL-1 family member cytokine, whose exact roles in inflammatory skin diseases are still unknown. IL-17A is a key cytokine in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. OBJECTIVES We investigated if IL-17A could induce IL-33 in epidermal keratinocytes, and the signaling mechanisms involved. METHODS IL-33 levels(More)
Incidence of psoriasis vulgaris in Asians is estimated at 0.05-0.3%. Studies in North America and Europe demonstrated that adalimumab, a fully human, recombinant, immunoglobulin G(1) monoclonal antibody, was efficacious and well-tolerated in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. This 24-week, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of(More)
Histamine is a biological amine that plays an important role in allergic responses. However, the involvement of histamine signaling in late allergic responses in the skin is poorly understood. Therefore, we attempted to investigate the involvement of histamine signaling in late allergic responses, especially in keratinocytes (KCs). HaCaT KCs and normal(More)
BACKGROUND Direct immunization via epithelial surfaces has been considered for many vaccine approaches, including DNA vaccines. It remains to be determined, however, which body site is suitable for genetic vaccination. OBJECTIVE To characterize the effects of the oral mucosa-mediated genetic vaccination, we compared antigen-specific immune responses of(More)
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing eczematous skin disease characterized by pruritus and inflammation and accompanied by cutaneous physiological dysfunction (dry and barrier-disrupted skin). Most of the patients have atopic diathesis. A standard guideline for the management (diagnosis, severity classification and therapy) of AD has been(More)