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Transcription of the genes Granzyme A (GZMA), FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5), and Down syndrome critical region gene 1 (DSCR1) is upregulated in leukemic cells upon treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs). Several lines of evidence suggest that these genes are implicated in GC-induced apoptosis upstream of the Bcl-2 family of proteins. These genes were(More)
Bim protein is one of the BH3-only proteins, members of the Bcl-2 family that have only one of the Bcl-2 homology regions, BH3. BH3-only proteins are essential initiators of apoptotic cell death. Thus far, three isoforms of Bim have been reported, i.e. Bim(EL), Bim(L) and Bim(S). Here we report the cloning and characterization of six novel isoforms of human(More)
Experience-dependent structural changes in the developing brain are fundamental for proper neural circuit formation. Here, we show that during the development of the sensory cortex, dendritic field orientation is controlled by the BTB/POZ domain-containing 3 (BTBD3). In developing mouse somatosensory cortex, endogenous Btbd3 translocated to the cell nucleus(More)
A growing number of inherited neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington's disease, have been shown to be caused by the expansion of CAG/polyglutamine repeats. The molecular mechanism underlying these disorders, however, has yet to be clarified. We and others previously demonstrated that caspase-8 was activated by proteolysis in association with the(More)
In this study, we examined suitable conditions for tissue fixation with methacarn and ethanol dehydration and storage of paraffin-embedded tissues (PETs) on gene expression analysis. With fixation and dehydration of rat liver tissues for up to 16 h (overnight) and 1 week, respectively, at 4 degrees C, integrity of extracted total RNAs and polypeptides did(More)
To determine the genes responsible for mediating the effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) on leukemic cells, transcriptional changes in GC-sensitive human pre-B leukemia 697 cells during GC-induced apoptosis were monitored using oligonucleotide microarrays. To circumvent the challenge of recovering mRNAs from dying cells, we compared the pattern of gene(More)
We report a case of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) that developed in a male F344 rat at week 101 of an experiment in a carcinogenicity study. Macroscopically, the primary tumor, which measured 1 cm in diameter, involved the submucosal tissue of the forestomach at the lesser curvature extending to the glandular stomach and esophagus.(More)
By using green fluorescent protein fusion, we investigated the subcellular localization of all the caspases that have been cloned from humans and implicated in the execution of apoptosis. We divided these caspases into three groups according to subcellular localization. The first group includes caspase-1, -3, -6, -7, and -9, which are expressed mainly in(More)
possible role of Gb3/CD77 molecule in the process of apoptosis, we have used one of its recently described natural ligand, a bacterial toxin named Verotoxin (VT) or Shiga-like toxin. We have shown that VT is able to kill BL cells, not only by inhibiting protein synthesis as classically described, but also by inducing apoptosis. Moreover a recombinant B(More)