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We report the results of an ultrastructural study of Pick bodies (PB). A histogram constructed with the maximal width of each filamentous component in PB revealed a wide range of sizes among the filaments, in contrast to the unique composition of the paired helical filaments (PHF) seen in the neurofibrillary tangle of Alzheimer type (NFT-AT).(More)
Hyperosmotic media infused into the cerebral circulation open the blood-brain barrier to protein and colloid. The mechanism whereby such substances cross the affected vessels is still disputed. We describe here the transendothelial route taken by ionic lanthanum (La3+), a small electron-dense tracer which, unlike colloidal lanthanum, can be administered to(More)
Tenascin-X (TNX) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein. We previously demonstrated that TNX regulates the expression of type VI collagen. In this study, we investigated the binding of TNX to type I collagen as well as to type VI collagen and the effects of these proteins on fibrillogenesis of type I collagen. Full-length recombinant TNX, which is(More)
R-Ras is a Ras-family small GTPase that regulates various cellular functions such as apoptosis and cell adhesion. Here, we demonstrate a role of R-Ras in exocytosis. By the use of specific anti-R-Ras antibody, we found that R-Ras was enriched on both early and recycling endosomes in a wide range of cell lines. Using a fluorescence resonance energy(More)
The cystine/glutamate transporter, designated as system xc(-), is important for maintaining intracellular glutathione levels and extracellular redox balance. The substrate-specific component of system xc(-), xCT, is strongly induced by various stimuli, including oxidative stress, whereas it is constitutively expressed only in specific brain regions and(More)
We have developed a functional vegetative model by an 18-min clamping of the ascending aorta combined with a bypass formation between the aorta to right atrium and the aorta to femoral vein. Complete global brain ischemia (CGBI) induced for 18 min with this model provided the following distinct advantages: cardiopulmonary functions were well preserved(More)
The results of our previous study showed that tumor invasion and metastasis are promoted in extracellular matrix (ECM) tenascin-X-deficient (TNX-/-) mice via increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). However, little is known about the relationship between TNX deficiency and activation of MMP genes. In this study, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Some drugs such as phenytoin, calcium blockers, or cyclosporins are known to cause gingival fibrous hyperplasia, an unwanted side effect. Decreased collagen catabolism in overgrown gingival tissue has been proposed as one of the reasons causing the disease. The effect of tranilast, which suppresses collagen synthesis and cell proliferation, on(More)
Tenascin-X (TNX) is an extracellular matrix protein that is highly expressed in the peripheral nervous system as well as muscular tissues, especially the heart and skeletal muscle. However, the expression manner and the physiological role of TNX in the peripheral nervous system have not been fully investigated. In this study, we elucidated its distribution(More)
A one-directional flow induced by chemical wave propagation was investigated to understand the origin of its dynamic flow. A cylindrical injection port was connected with a straight propagation channel; the chemical wave was initiated at the injection port. Chemical waves propagated with a constant velocity irrespective of the channel width, indicating that(More)