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Phthalate esters have been used extensively as plasticizers of synthetic polymers. Recent studies have revealed that these esters induce atrophy of the testis, although its pathogenesis remains unknown. The present study describes the possible involvement of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of atrophy of the rat testis induced by(More)
A blotting technique was developed to specifically detect lipid hydroperoxides in thin-layer chromatography. Phosphatidylcholine hydroperoxides and cholesteryl linoleate hydroperoxides ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 nmol, which were prepared by reaction with soybean lipoxygenase, were visualized as fluorescent spots on the blotted membrane by immersing the plate(More)
The aim of this study was to revealoxidant-sensitive components in gastric epithelialcells, which may regulate inflammatory processes ingastric mucosa. Gel mobility shift assay showed thattreatment of cultured guinea pig gastric epithelial cellswith hydrogen peroxide or diamide produced a κBoligonucleotide-protein complex within 5 min. Thebinding proteins(More)
The aim of this study was to reveal the role of intracellular glutathione in the oxidative stress responses of gastric epithelial cells. Metabolic radiolabeling with L-[35S]methionine and analysis of synthesized proteins by gel electrophoresis and fluorography showed that upon exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or diamide, primary cultures of guinea-pig(More)
Mammalian tissues have large amounts of available ATP which are generated by oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. For the maintenance of the human body, a large amount of oxygen is required to regenerate these ATP molecules. A small fraction of the inspired oxygen is converted to superoxide radical and related metabolites even under physiological(More)
Effect of quercetin and its conjugated metabolite quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucuronide (Q3GA), on peroxynitrite-induced consumption of lipophilic antioxidants in human plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) was measured to estimate the role of dietary flavonoids in the defense system against oxidative modification of LDL based on the reaction of nitric oxide and(More)
Dietary nitrate is reduced to nitrite by some oral bacteria and the resulting nitrite is converted to nitric oxide (NO) in acidic gastric juice. The aim of this study is to elucidate the pathophysiological role of dietary nitrate in the stomach. Intragastric administration of nitrate rapidly increased nitrate and NO in plasma and the gastric headspace,(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is composed of four cell populations, brain endothelial cells (BECs), pericytes, neurons, and astrocytes. Its role is to precisely regulate the microenvironment of the brain through selective substance crossing. Here we generated an in vitro model of the BBB by differentiating human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into(More)
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