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Laccase oxidation of phenolic azo dyes was examined with a commercially available laccase from Pyricularia oryzae as the model. Methyl-, methoxy-, chloro-, and nitro-substituted derivatives of 4-(4(prm1)-sulfophenylazo)-phenol were examined as substrates for this laccase. Only the substituents on the phenolic ring were changed. Among the dyes examined, only(More)
CONTEXT The differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) may be a diagnostic challenging because of overlapping clinicopathologic features. Many studies have shown consistent immunoreactivity for CD117 (c-Kit) in GIST. However, only a few studies have evaluated CD117 expression in SFT, and these studies(More)
Ovarian serous papillary carcinoma, although rarely metastasizing to the breast, is often challenging based on morphology alone, particularly from the micropapillary variant of breast carcinoma. Gross cystic disease fluid protein-15, although a specific marker, can be negative in up to 50% of breast carcinomas. Wilm's tumor gene 1 (WT-1) has been identified(More)
The basal phenotype of breast carcinoma was demonstrated from a study of gene expression profiles, which demonstrated five carcinoma phenotypes with differing immunohistologic profiles and outcomes. The basal phenotype, so-named because of an immunohistologic profile that is similar to myoepithelial cells of the breast, has poor outcomes. While the invasive(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated risk factors for Type II (n = 176) vs. Type I (n = 1,576) endometrial cancer (EC) in cases treated at Magee-Womens Hospital between 1996 and 2008. METHODS Clinical data were available from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Network Cancer Registry. Logistic regression was used to estimate the adjusted odds of(More)
Flat epithelial atypia (FEA) is an emerging entity of uncertain clinical significance, and outcome data are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinicopathologic significance of this entity for proper management. All core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens diagnosed as atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) from January 2006 to April 2008 were(More)
OBJECTIVE Since the introduction of the liquid-based ThinPrep testing in 1996, most cytology laboratories across the country have adopted the liquid-based cytology (LBC) for Pap test screening. Subsequent to wide-spread adoption of the ThinPrep Pap test, the ThinPrep Imaging System (TIS) Cytyc Corp, Marlborough, MA was introduced to improve the accuracy and(More)
HER2 oncoprotein is overexpressed in 15-20% of breast carcinomas and is associated with poor outcome. The 2+ group is considered equivocal, since gene amplification is observed in some but not others. The aim of our study is to ascertain if there is clinical significance to heterogeneity of HER2 immunohistologic expression in breast core-needle biopsies vs(More)
Tubulolobular carcinoma is a type of mammary carcinoma that displays an admixture of invasive tubules and lobular-like cells. Previous reports have shown it to share clinical similarities to lobular carcinoma, whereas more recent studies have shown it to be E-cadherin positive. The aim of the current study was to further explore the immunophenotype of(More)
Bone is the most preferred site for metastatic dissemination in breast cancer. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression of a set of antibodies that could serve as predictive biomarkers associated with breast cancer metastasis in a subset of sixteen (16) breast cancer patients who developed bone metastasis. The clinical and pathologic data(More)