Malte Clausen

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OBJECTIVE Recent functional imaging studies have reported evidence of alterations in the serotonergic system induced by 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), or "Ecstasy." However, these studies have often been limited by small sample size, lack of tracer selectivity, unreliable assessment of MDMA doses, insufficiently matched comparison groups, or(More)
UNLABELLED Alterations of the serotonergic system due to ecstasy consumption have been extensively documented in recent literature. However, reversibility of these neurotoxic effects still remains unclear. To address this question, PET was performed using the serotonin transporter (SERT) ligand (11)C-(+)-McN5652 in a total of 117 subjects subdivided into 4(More)
The popular recreational drug, 'ecstasy', mainly contains 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) as the psychotropic agent. MDMA is suspected of causing neurotoxic lesions to the serotonergic system as demonstrated by animal studies, examinations of human cerebrospinal fluid, and the first positron emission tomography (PET) studies using the serotonin(More)
In patients with neurofibromatosis type-1 (NF1) and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs), survival rates are low and time to death is often less than 2 years. However, there are patients with a more favourable prognosis who develop metastases rather late or not at all. Since histopathology and tumour grading are not well correlated with(More)
UNLABELLED The management of patients presenting with metastases of unknown primary origin remains a clinical challenge despite a large variety of imaging modalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate FDG PET in detecting the sites of primary cancer in these patients. METHODS Fifty-three patients with metastatic cervical adenopathy (n = 44) or(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate possible deterioration of salivary gland function due to radioiodine therapy with low activities using standardized quantitative salivary gland scintigraphy (qSZ). In addition, the prevalence of sialopathies was estimated in patients with thyroid dysfunction. METHODS Prior to routine thyroid scintigraphy qSZ was(More)
UNLABELLED Salivary gland impairment after high-dose radioiodine treatment is well recognized. Because differentiated thyroid cancer has a good prognosis, reduction of long-term side effects is important. This study investigated the radioprotective effects of amifostine in animals and humans receiving high-dose radioiodine therapy. METHODS Quantitative(More)
UNLABELLED FDG PET is increasingly performed in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer who present with elevated human thyroglobulin (hTG) levels and negative 131I scan. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of FDG PET on treatment in these patients. METHODS A total of 118 FDG PET studies were performed on 64 patients, and follow-up data(More)
Animal data suggest that the synthetic drug ecstasy may damage brain serotonin neurons. Previously we reported protracted reductions in the availability of the serotonin transporter (SERT), an index of integrity of the axon terminals of brain serotonergic neurons, in SERT-rich brain regions in current human ecstasy users. Comparison of current ecstasy users(More)
Receptors for atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) are known to be present in many organs, e.g. brain, liver and kidney. The aim of this study was to optimize the labelling method for ANP analogues with iodine-123 and to describe their pharmakokinetics. ANP 99–126, atriopeptin III, Tyr-atriopeptin II and urodilatin were labelled by the Iodogen method. Of the(More)