Malte Bachmann

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Class IIa histone deacetylases (HDACs) are found both in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus where they repress genes involved in several major developmental programs. In response to specific signals, the repressive activity of class IIa HDACs is neutralized through their phosphorylation on multiple N-terminal serine residues and 14-3-3-mediated nuclear(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) exhibit considerable heterogeneity in their anatomical location, surface phenotype, and functional properties. In this study, we demonstrate that peripheral lymph nodes contain at least four major, functionally separable, and independently derived, DC subsets, which can be clearly demarcated by their CD11c, CD40, and CD8 expression(More)
High-pressure ventilation induces barotrauma and pulmonary inflammation, thus leading to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). IL-22 has both immunoregulatory and tissue-protective properties. Functional IL-22 receptor expression is restricted to nonleukocytic cells, such as alveolar epithelial cells. When applied via inhalation, IL-22 reaches the(More)
Inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) has been identified as a marker and mediator of disease in human colonic inflammation and carcinogenesis. Accordingly, identification of mediators that trigger iNOS in colon carcinoma/epithelial cells is an important topic of current research. Here we demonstrate that interleukin (IL)-22, a newly described member of(More)
Mice rendered B cell deficient by targeted disruption of the immunoglobulin mu chain gene (IgM-/- mice) were used to analyze the role of antibodies and B cells in viral infections; homozygous IgM-/- mice were bred in a way to avoid transmission of maternal antibodies. After infection with vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), IgM-/- mice developed paralytic(More)
Flagellin is the major protein component of the flagella from motile bacteria and was identified as the ligand for toll-like receptor (TLR)-5. Whereas its effects on epithelial cells have been studied in detail, activation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) by flagellin is characterized only partially. By using the recombinant protein of(More)
The human pim-1 gene encodes a serine/threonine kinase, which belongs to the group of calcium/calmodulin-regulated kinases (CAMK). It contains a characteristic kinase domain, a so-called ATP anchor and an active site. In mouse and human, two Pim-1 proteins are produced from the same gene by using an alternative upstream CUG initiation codon, a 44 kD and(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is implicated in the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells. We investigated the modulatory effects of nitric oxide (NO) on the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA)-induced MMP-9 expression in MCF-7 cells. Different chemical NO donors inhibited the extracellular content of TPA-induced MMP-9 protein and MMP-9(More)
The proto-oncogene Pim-1 encodes a serine-threonine kinase which is a downstream effector of cytokine signaling and can enhance cell cycle progression by altering the activity of several cell cycle regulators among them the G1 specific inhibitor p21(Waf), the phosphatase Cdc25A and the kinase C-TAK1. Here, we demonstrate by using biochemical assays that(More)
The leukemic cell line KG-1 was isolated from a patient with acute myeloid leukemia and is regarded a cellular model of human dendritic cell progenitors. The T helper type 1 cytokine interleukin (IL)-18 has been shown to induce the maturation of these cells towards a dendritic phenotype and, moreover, is able to mediate IFNgamma production in this model.(More)