Mallory M. Green

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We investigated whether bilateral magnetic stimulation of the phrenic nerves from an anterolateral approach (BAMPS) could combine the reproducibility and ease of use of cervical magnetic stimulation (CMS) with the specificity of bilateral electrical stimulation (BES) and whether it could be used in supine subjects. We placed two double 43-mm coils over the(More)
BACKGROUND Electrical stimulation of the phrenic nerve is a useful non-volitional method of assessing diaphragm contractility. During the assessment of hemidiaphragm contractility with electrical stimulation, low twitch transdiaphragmatic pressures may result from difficulty in locating and stimulating the phrenic nerve. Cervical magnetic stimulation(More)
Six patients severely affected by hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), four type I and two type II, had clinical evidence of diaphragmatic weakness. One presented with cardiorespiratory failure secondary to nocturnal hypoventilation, and three others were unable to lie flat because of dyspnoea. Diaphragmatic paralysis should be considered as a(More)
There is no nonvolitional method of assessing quadriceps strength which both supramaximally activates the muscle and is acceptable to subjects. In 10 normal subjects and 10 patients with suspected muscle weakness we used magnetic stimulation of the femoral nerve to elicit an isometric twitch and measured twitch tension (TwQ), surface electromyogram in(More)
Phrenic nerve stimulation is often considered to be difficult and unreliable. The time taken for the phrenic nerves to be located and adequately stimulated was measured in 110 subjects, aged 21-89 years, 26 of whom had diaphragmatic weakness; and phrenic nerve conduction time was recorded in 76 of these individuals. Each phrenic nerve was stimulated(More)
To assess the actions of the rectus abdominis and external oblique muscles on the rib cage in humans, these two muscles were stimulated with surface electrodes in four normal supine subjects at functional residual capacity. Changes in anteroposterior and transverse rib cage diameters and changes in xiphipubic distance were measured with pairs of(More)
Cervical magnetic stimulation is a new technique for stimulating the phrenic nerves, and may offer an alternative to percutaneous electrical stimulation for assessing diaphragmatic strength in normal subjects and patients in whom electrical stimulation is technically difficult or poorly tolerated. We compared cervical magnetic stimulation with conventional(More)
The purpose of the study was to compare electrical stimulation (ES) and cervical magnetic stimulation (CMS) of the phrenic nerves for the measurement of the diaphragm compound muscle action potential (CMAP) and phrenic nerve conduction time. A specially designed esophageal catheter with three pairs of electrodes was used, with control of electrode(More)
Normal cough requires abdominal muscle contraction. We have previously reported contraction of the abdominal muscles elicited by a single percutaneous magnetic stimulation of the thoracic nerve roots. We hypothesized that paired magnetic twitches could generate sufficient tension in the abdominal muscles to simulate cough. Therefore, six normal subjects(More)
Reduced respiratory muscle strength has been reported in chronic heart failure (CHF) in several studies. The data supporting this conclusion come almost exclusively from static inspiratory and expiratory mouth pressure maneuvers (MIP, MEP), which many subjects find difficult to perform. We therefore performed a study using measurements that are less(More)