Mallory J Coleman

Learn More
Presynaptic inhibition reduces chemical synaptic transmission in the central nervous system between pairs of neurons, but its role(s) in shaping the multisynaptic interactions underlying neural network activity are not well studied. We therefore used the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system to study how presynaptic inhibition of the identified(More)
Distinct motor patterns are selected from a multifunctional neuronal network by activation of different modulatory projection neurons. Subsets of these projection neurons can contain the same neuromodulator(s), yet little is known about the relative influence of such neurons on network activity. We have addressed this issue in the stomatogastric nervous(More)
Intra-axonal recordings of stomatogastric nerve axon 1 (SNAX1) indicate that there are synaptic inputs onto the SNAX1 terminals in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG) of the crab Cancer borealis (Nusbaum et al., 1992b). To determine whether this synaptic input only influenced SNAX1 activity within the STG, we identified the SNAX1 soma in the commissural(More)
1. We have used multiple, simultaneous intra- and extracellular recordings as well as Lucifer yellow dye-fills to identify modulatory commissural neuron 5 (MCN5) and characterize its effects in the stomatogastric nervous system (STNS) of the crab, Cancer borealis. MCN5 has a soma and neuropilar arborization in the commissural ganglion (CoG; Figs. 1 and 2),(More)
1. In the isolated stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer borealis (Fig. 1), the muscarinic agonist oxotremorine elicits several distinct gastric mill motor patterns from neurons in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG; Fig. 2). Selection of a particular gastric mill rhythm is determined by activation of distinct projection neurons that influence(More)
The pyloric and gastric mill neural networks in the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion receive modulatory inputs from more anteriorly located ganglia via the stomatogastric nerve. In this study we employed biocytin backfilling and immunostaining, as well as electron microscopy, to determine the origin of these inputs in the crab, Cancer borealis. Fiber(More)
The multifunctional neural circuits in the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion (STG) are influenced by many small-molecule transmitters and neuropeptides that are co-localized in identified projection neurons to the STG. We describe the pattern of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) immunoreactivity in the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer borealis(More)
1. Sympathetic vasomotor nerves play a major role in determining the level of arterial blood pressure and the distribution of cardiac output. The present review will discuss briefly the central regulatory mechanisms that control the sympathetic outflow to the cardiovascular system in the short and long term. 2. In the short term, the sympathetic vasomotor(More)
The pentapeptide proctolin (Proct.; Arg-Tyr-Leu-Pro-Thr) is a modulatory transmitter found throughout the crustacean nervous system. No information is available in this system, however, as to how the actions of this peptide are terminated. To study this issue in the crab Cancer borealis, we incubated exogenous proctolin (10(-5) M) with either the thoracic(More)
The adaptation of the responses from the cochlear nerve and the auditory brainstem nuclei was studied using a burst of four clicks as the stimulus. Nine experimental conditions were obtained from three stimulus levels (60, 70 and 80 dB SL) and from three intervals between click in the burst (15, 24 and 32.5 msec). Six subjects were each tested three times(More)