Malle J Soom

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Voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels control action potential repolarization, interspike membrane potential, and action potential frequency in excitable cells. It is thought that the combinatorial association between distinct alpha and beta subunits determines whether Kv channels function as non-inactivating delayed rectifiers or as rapidly inactivating(More)
Inwardly rectifying potassium channels require binding of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) for channel activity. Three independent sites (aa 175-206, aa 207-246, aa 324-365) were located in the C-terminal domain of Kir2.1 channels by assaying the binding of overlapping fragments to PIP2 containing liposomes. Mutations in the first site, which(More)
Two cytoplasmically inherited determinants related by their manifestation to the control of translation accuracy were previously described in yeast. Cells carrying one of them, [PSI(+)], display a nonsense suppressor phenotype and contain a prion form of the Sup35 protein. Another element, [PIN(+)], determines the probability of de novo generation of(More)
Phosphatidylinositol polyphosphates (PIPs) are potent modulators of Kir channels. Previous studies have implicated basic residues in the C terminus of Kir6.2 channels as interaction sites for the PIPs. Here we examined the role of the N terminus and identified an arginine (Arg-54) as a major determinant for PIP(2) modulation of ATP sensitivity in K(ATP)(More)
OBJECTIVE Andersen syndrome (AS) is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations of the potassium channel Kir2.1 (KCNJ2). We identified two unrelated patients with mutations in the slide helix of Kir2.1 leading to AS. The functional consequences of these two mutations, Y68D and D78Y, were studied and compared with previously reported slide helix mutations. (More)
Inactivation of voltage-gated Kv1 channels can be altered by Kvbeta subunits, which block the ion-conducting pore to induce a rapid ('N-type') inactivation. Here, we investigate the mechanisms and structural basis of Kvbeta1.3 interaction with the pore domain of Kv1.5 channels. Inactivation induced by Kvbeta1.3 was antagonized by intracellular PIP(2).(More)
Butyrate, formed by bacterial fermentation of plant foods, has been suggested to reduce colon cancer risks by suppressing the proliferation of tumor cells. In addition, butyrate has been shown to induce glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in tumor cell lines, which may contribute to the detoxification of dietary carcinogens. We hypothesize that butyrate also(More)
The formation of extracellular amyloid plaques is a common patho-biochemical event underlying several debilitating human conditions, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Considerable evidence implies that AD damage arises primarily from small oligomeric amyloid forms of Abeta peptide, but the precise mechanism of pathogenicity remains to be established.(More)
Large-conductance Ca2+-dependent K+ (BKCa) channels are activated by intracellular Ca2+ and membrane depolarization in an allosteric manner. We investigated the pharmacological and biophysical characteristics of a BKCa-type K+ channel in androgen-dependent LNCaP (lymph node carcinoma of the prostate) cells with novel functional properties, here termed BKL.(More)
The molecular nature of the sup45 respiratory deficient omnipotent suppressor, and of three reversions to respiratory competence which removed the suppressor effect of the initial mutation, was examined. All reversions were caused by secondary sup45 mutations which indicates a direct connection between sup45 “respiratory” and “translational” functions.(More)