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The autoimmune regulator (AIRE) protein is a putative transcription regulator with two plant homeodomain-type zinc fingers, a putative DNA-binding domain (SAND), and four nuclear receptor binding LXXLL motifs. We have shown here that in vitro, recombinant AIRE can form homodimers and homotetramers that were also detected in thymic protein extracts.(More)
Silkworms show high variability in silk quality and disease resistance. Attempts are on to combine the disease tolerance of multivoltine races and the silk quality of bivoltine races to generate new races with desirable phenotypic traits. We report the identification of a 26.5-kDa protein that is overexpressed in the gut juice of disease-resistant(More)
The distribution of various simple sugar residues over the spermatozoa surfaces of five different mammalian species is characterized and compared. Epididymal maturation of the spermatozoa of all the five species studied exhibited an increase in the amount of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues over their acrosomal domains. A complete blockade of sperm-zona(More)
The emergence of the mammalian blastocysts from their thick glycoprotein investment known as the zona pellucida is an important, but poorly understood, event in embryogenesis. In this paper, we demonstrate that peri-hatching blastocysts generate a considerably high quantum of an active oxyradical species for an extremely short period of time when compared(More)
This study was performed to understand the regional distribution of superoxide anion radicals and hydrogen peroxide within the spermatozoa of mice during both normal and altered situations of epididymal maturation. The intracellular O2*- levels were probed employing dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DDF) as a reporter. The testicular spermatozoa from(More)
The anal gills of the mosquito larvae of Aedes aegypti were shown to possess superoxide dismutase (EC 1.15.1.1) activity, which increased with the maturation of the larvae from instar 1 to instar 4. This enzyme was highly inhibited upon treatment of the larvae with alpha-terthienyl (2,2':5,2"-terthiophene) and subsequent exposure to long-wave ultraviolet(More)
Amines are a group of highly important compounds of biological importance; they are known promoters of cell growth, can complex with nucleic acids and can stimulate DNA-primed RNA polymerase activity. Spermine, a polyamine abundantly present in the secretions of the male accessory sex organs, has received no functional attributes till date. This study had(More)
Though the spermatozoa are known to produce superoxide anion radicals, the enzyme system(s) that produce superoxide in these cells are not yet identified. Using Western blot assays and confocal laser scan microscopy, we detected gp91(phox) and p67(phox) associated with spermatozoa from testis and epididymis. We could not detect p22(phox) in any of the sperm(More)
Mammalian spermatozoa, which like other living cells are susceptible to oxygen toxicity, generate increasing quantities of superoxide radical as epididymal maturation proceeds. This is associated with a concomitant reduction in the activity of superoxide dismutase. A possible involvement of superoxide radicals in bringing about some of the reported(More)
The autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1 (APS1), also known as autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APS1), is a monogenic autosomal disease with recessive inheritance. It is characterized by chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, multiple autoimmune endocrinopathies, and ectodermal dystrophies. The defective gene responsible for(More)